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how to repair zoysia grass

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If these control methods do not resolve your rust problem, you can spray a fungicide on the affected areas. Lightly tamp plugs into place, but do not stomp on them. Water immediately after planting, and continue to water 4-5 times per day for the first few weeks. The bottoms of the sprigs should be covered with soil, but the tips of the grass blades should be exposed. It isn't that it needs less water than St. Augustine lawns or that it stays green longer than St. Augustine, either. Fungal Diseases Zoysia grass is susceptible to a number of fungal diseases. When you mow a lawn with brown patch, make sure you mow when the lawn is dry and bag the clippings. They hold shape, but can’t be molded. Long story short, it holds more moisture in the ground when in drought situations to help the grass stay healthy, and it's relatively inexpensive, too. Aeration allows oxygen into the soil, which helps encourage root growth and water infiltration. If the area continues to grow larger, you will have to use a chemical treatment. Suddenly, this healthy low-water Zoysia ‘Zeon’ grass turned yellow, patchy and died in spots. WATERING. The best way to control Bermuda grass is to pick up and remove clippings and spray or dig up individual plants. Adding extra seed to an area will not help it fill in faster. Lawns infested with grubs will slowly thin out and lose vigor, even though they are well-irrigated. Thatch under 1/2” thick is healthy, and this can be maintained through frequent mowing with a reel mower. Grubs are a recurring problem in most lawns, so it’s best to spray a preventative treatment in the spring to kill eggs before they hatch. Cavalier grows into a thick, lush, deep green carpet. If you topdress with compost each spring, you may not need to fertilize at all. Use a slow-release nitrogen fertilizer that will last up to six months in the soil. Hot, humid, sunny areas of the lawn can also cause disease, although it is easier to control. You can use a rotary mower on zoysia, but make sure the blades are sharp, and never cut off more than 1/3rd of the top growth to prevent shock. Amend with specific fertilizers as needed. You can use as many as 4 plugs per square foot or as few as 1 plug per square foot. Instead of Roundup, consider an organic non-selective herbicide like Weed Warrior (Link to Sunday Lawns). It can grow a dense, thick carpet, but it lacks the underground runners, rhizomes, that help these grasses choke out other plants. Sunday Lawn Care offers a lawn-safe weed killer derived from iron. This cultivar has a sophisticated, manicured look, but it requires frequent mowing, consistent irrigation, and a detailed pest management and fertilization schedule. Zoysia is the turf of choice for salty, coastal soils or areas near salted roadways. You can also use layers of cardboard or other solid materials that will block the sun. After aerating, you can incorporate compost directly into the soil. You do not have to till the soil into dust. Fertilize with 1lb of nitrogen per year, split up into 2-3 applications over the spring and summer. They will cause large brown patches in your turf, starting at a border of the lawn and working deeper into the center. Clay can be so dense that nutrients are not able to move into the root zone of a plant. These can be fixed by changing your irrigation and mowing schedule, and spraying fungicides when diseases get out of hand. This will provide a healthy foundation for your turf that improves water retention, drainage, nutrient content, and overall health. Because the Zoysia is dormant, it will not be harmed by the over-seeding. Dense, clay soil can hold on to large amounts of nitrogen due to the fact that water cannot drain freely into the subsoil. Amazon has put together some great Home Holiday Guide Deals - save money and get your holiday shopping done! a welcome alternative to water-greedy lawn grasses in much of the United States. The cold-hardiness of each lawn will vary depending on snow cover, rainfall, organic matter in the soil, thatch layer, and the slope of your lawn. Before planting, make sure you have an irrigation plan to maintain consistent moisture for at least 6 weeks. The leaves of this cultivar are so fine and soft that this is considered a barefoot grass. It’s dense growth habit and aggressive growth habit allow it to heal from winter kill and heavy foot traffic if it has enough sunlight and moisture. Once the plugs begin active growth, gradually back off on irrigation until the turf has filled in. – Don’t overwater. This turfgrass has a coarse texture and is extremely durable. Cavalier is also used for golf courses, but as a fairway or tee box grass. Zoysia is a beautiful, thick, deep green turf grass that is easy to maintain in the right climate. The best way to prevent dying, brown patches of grass in any lawn is to follow the proper maintenance schedule and to continue to build up a … The thicker your stand of zoysia, the less space weeds have to germinate and take over. Do not remove cores after aerating. Billbugs feed on the crown and stolons of the grass, which are responsible for above-ground growth. Click here to read our review of a pet and child-safe natural lawn fertilizer. Allow the lawn to go dormant in the summer so you can focus on spraying and removing Bermuda plants. As a soil becomes more dense, it is able to hold on to more nutrients, especially nitrogen. Z. matrella, also known as Manila grass,has a fine texture, low growing height, and dense growth habit. Additional Zoysia Care Tips Avoid removing more than 1/3 of the total grass blade length at any single mowing to keep your grass thick and healthy. You will need approximately 1 bushel of sprigs per 100 square feet of lawn area. Empire must be propagated by sprig, plug, or sod. Empire Zoysia is a grass with natural characteristics that allow it to handle Australia’s hot, dry climate. See Best Fertilizer For A Clay Soil Lawn: Why Ingredients Matter. Under most conditions, zoysia can out-compete St. Augustine without too much intervention. Each variety has been bred into different strains with various colors, durability, pest-resistance, cold-hardiness, and textures. Brownish gray lesions along the leaf blade indicate leaf spot, which is relatively harmless. Just break up the soil into clods and try to get a nice, even, soft seedbed. This method of planting has a high success rate. For more information see St. Augustine vs. Zoysia: Which One Is Right For Your Lawn? However, for an attractive stand of healthy grass, you will need to fertilize during the summer to help encourage deep root growth and improve durability. This combination of above and below ground stems allows for the thick, dense growth and e… It seems that their urine is killing the grass or at least browning it for a week or so. However, if you mow every 10-14 days, you’re more likely to leave long grass clippings that don’t break down as quickly. Option 2: Spread the sprigs across your lawn and till them in on a shallow setting. This can give centipede grass an advantage if it creeps into your lawn, and it may take several rounds of sprays and manual removal before you gain control. Spread a 3”-6” layer of compost over the soil and till it in. Some weeds can be controlled with preventative sprays, but other, invasive warm-season grasses are more difficult to remove. Bermuda is an aggressive, low-growing grass that is nearly impossible to remove because it spreads through rhizomes, stolons, and seed. Before you plant the seed, make sure you have enough above-ground sprinklers to water the entire lawn 4 times per day for 3-6 weeks. Let the area dry out, and mow to remove as much of the infected grass as possible. Zoysia planting can also be done in early fall, but make sure to plant at least 60 days before the first fall frost. Quick-release fertilizers may result in a few weeks of sudden growth, but this only attracts pests and diseases without encouraging long-term results. Zeon is considered to be one of the best overall zoysia cultivars, with its only real drawback being a slow establishing period and limited availability. Option 3: Rent a roller. Soils that are low in nitrogen are usually loose, sandy soils that can’t retain water. Seasonal Maintenance Guides for Your Zoysia. If … Meyer is more pest resistant than some other Z. japonica cultivars. Meyer is one of the more popular strains of Z. japonica due to its vigorous growth habit and rich, deep green color. Sprigs are 4”-6” sections of rhizomes and stolons without a root system. Regular mowing, watering, and fertilizing as seen earlier are the best ways to prevent these problems. This is the definition of a low-maintenance grass; it has few problems under normal growing conditions. Set the tiller as deep as possible and till up the lawn. If we can be of help in any way, please call our office at (352) 378-LAWN today, or fill out our online request by clicking the above links. Lightly rake seeds into the top ¼” of soil. Irrigate weekly early in the morning, and allow the turf to dry out before you water again. If desired you can fertilize 7 weeks later. As long as your temperatures are fairly warm year-round, this is the best solution for you. Zoysia grass grows by sending out runners or ‘stolons’ both above and below ground so it grows and spreads by expanding sideways rather than growing upwards like other grasses. Dense, carpetlike growth and outstanding drought tolerance make zoysia grass (Zoysia spp.) This will prevent spreading the fungus to the rest of the lawn. The answer is, not much. Although zoysia is a slow starter, once it is established, it can choke out most weeds, and quickly repair damage due to cold temperatures or traffic. If this is the route you wish to take, then your conversion to a cool-season lawn can begin now until mid-July. Apply, or re apply pre-emergent after aeration, because aeration destroys the pre-emergent protection. Although Gainesville lawns have historically been St. Augustine grass, Zoysia has began making a major push as the turf of choice for a few years. Bag the clippings, and dispose of them in plastic bags. Mow zoysia weekly to remove infected blades and to encourage deep root growth. The grass spreads by above-ground stems called ‘stolons’ and underground stems called ‘rhizomes’. The difference is the fact that Zoysia actually lives through the drought whereas St. Augustine will die. If your lawn does have significant winter kill, you can plug your lawn after it breaks dormancy to help fill in bare patches. Lawns with adequate sunlight, irrigation, and fertilization will grow enough to be mowed weekly, which removes the spores before they can do any damage. Water 4-5 times per day, like you would with seeds, and keep watering until you see active growth. Do not dethatch if your lawn is muddy. Dig up patches of invasive grass or spot spray during active growth. Obtain a soil test (link to Amazon) each spring to test for other nutrients in your soil. Whether you’re establishing a new lawn or troubleshooting an old one, our ultimate guide to Zoysia has everything you need to know to grow a healthy, low-maintenance, weed-free turf. The basic fact about zoysia grass is that, unless it is grown in the right climate, it will cause more headaches than not. While zoysia is often advertised as a low-maintenance turf, this is only true under favorable growing conditions. Meyer Zoysia is a medium textured variety. If possible, use a reel mower (link to Amazon), and keep the lawn below 2” throughout the growing season. Water 4-5 times per day for the first 4 weeks, then gradually start reducing your irrigation schedule as the grass begins to thicken. If some plants have already gone to seed, bag the grass clippings when you mow to prevent spreading the seeds across your lawn. I’d say go easy on the fertilizer, if ever. Consult your garden center or county agent for the correct diagnosis and control treatments that are available. However, if you want a pristine look and are willing to put in the extra time and effort, Diamond is an excellent option for a clean-cut lawn. There are three main varieties of zoysia; Z. japonica and Z. matrella are turf varieties, while Z. tenuifolia is a groundcover or ornamental grass. However, grasses and weeds can come back if you simply till them under. This allows the root system of the Zoysia to get oxygen and helps correct drainage problems. Option 1: Spread and bury the sprigs by hand. Rust looks like a rusty, powdery coating on a patch of grass. From a distance, it may have the appearance of Fescue, except of course in the cooler months when it is dormant (unlike Bermuda grass, Zoysia never goes completely dormant). Be sure to mark gas lines, water lines, and electrical lines with spray paint or flags. Zoysia should not be aerated in the fall because it goes dormant. Pull up a tuft of grass to inspect for chinch bugs. If you’d rather not use chemicals, check out Dandelion Doom (link to Sunday). Most diseases are caused by microclimates in your lawn, so it’s best to treat these as they come. Most turf diseases are caused by poor irrigation and mowing schedules. The most common pest issue with Meyer is white grubs (source). If you feel that chinch bugs may be contributing to your brown lawn, schedule a meeting with our lawn pest control technician, Joe. Centipede grass prefers more humid growing conditions than zoysia, so it can thrive in climates where zoysia suffers. Ironically, some of the best things about zoysia grass are also the things which make it a frustrating choice for a lawn. Zoysia Grass vs Bermuda Grass . Irrigate less frequently, and make sure you are only watering in the mornings, to allow the blades time to dry out during the day. Almost all common lawn diseases are the result of abnormal weather conditions or unfavorable microclimates within your lawn. Fertilize after you have treated for chinch bugs to encourage zoysia to fill in any bare spots. Preventative insecticides will help keep grub populations under control, and most other pests are easy to identify and treat on an as-needed basis. The closer you space plugs, the faster your lawn will fill in. Zoysia lawns are incredibly resilient, and most are able to repair themselves with adequate irrigation, nutrition, and time. Belair, also known as El Toro, is one of the most cold-hardy and shade-tolerant cultivars of Z. japonica. With valid and proven claims of chinch bug-resistance and drought tolerance, even strict homeowner's associations like Haile Sod is the best way to get a weed-free, full-coverage new zoysia lawn. Empire is softer and more dense than Meyer, and it requires fewer fertilizer applications. The lack of shade tolerance makes Empire more susceptible to brown patch; a fungus that thrives in humid, shady parts of the lawn. Zoysia should get .5”-1” of water per week. These soils are usually a balance of different soil textures with a reasonable amount of organic matter. Grass in shady, moist areas of the lawn grow much slower, so rust spores are able to infect blades of grass and spread to neighboring patches of grass. Aerating the lawn is always beneficial when the grass is growing. Reel mowers are the only way to cut extremely low lawns. Zoysia that is suffering from low nitrogen will be more susceptible to pests, have a lighter color, and fill in slowly. It is also able to hold on to more moisture, which can help prevent drought stress and encourage nutrient uptake. In its optimal growing zones, this tough grass can deliver a beautiful, dense lawn with very little input from you. Disposing of plant material: If you sprayed your lawn, it is best to take the dead plant material to a local yard waste dump. Zoysia should be planted in mid spring to early summer, but it can be planted up to 60 days before the first frost. Right now the most common question is how to convert these zoysia lawns to a cool-season grass like tall fescue or tall fescue/Ky. To control an existing billbug population, spray an insecticide that targets the adult beetles just after sunset, when they are most active. The pesticides used to treat grubs can be strong, so wear thick-soled shoes and gloves during application, and keep kids and pets off the lawn. Contact: (352) 378-5296 | Info@TheMastersLawnCare.com | Privacy Policy. Consistent moisture will help produce weed-free coverage. Z. japonica is coarse and dense, so it can be difficult to mow. MOWING. However, zoysia grows best from sprigs, plugs, or sod, even if seed is an option. Average soils can support zoysia without much chemical intervention. As compared to zoysia grass, which is a warm season grass, Bermuda grass (Cynodon dactylon) is a hot weather grass that grows aggressively in Southern states.Because of its fast growth rate, Bermuda grass needs more of everything than zoysia grass does: more water, more fertilizer, and more frequent mowing. To control billbug populations, spray a preventative insecticide during the summer when eggs are hatching. These are small black bugs that live in the soil and eat the roots and leaves of your grass. Empire is chinch bug resistant, which makes it a good choice for lawns in the transition zone with very dry summers. Summer like the photo above, you may choose to dye your zoysia lawn lawn! Can cause compaction in clay after a dog urinates on it greening up conditioner, so most lawns fully... Belair, also known as El Toro, is one of the lawn working. 3 ” -6 ” sections of rhizomes and stolons of the lawn and anchor them with stakes soil and the. Weeds are any weed that ’ s not a grass may suffer after a dog urinates it..., although it may lose its deep green color a dense turf, starting at a height! Target broadleaf weeds is to pick up and how to repair zoysia grass mornings are still damp and.. Rake seeds into the soil danger of frost have passed ) to early.. Blade indicate leaf spot is difficult to identify and treat on an basis! While Z. matrella, also known as El Toro, is one of grass... Topdress in the 70s have fewer pest and disease problems killer derived from iron to... Blade of grass spring as seeds begin germinating, and it requires fewer fertilizer.. Pre-Emergent protection to dye your zoysia lawn varieties and cultivars that have been developed to different! Can not control leaf spot is difficult to mow system before winter or flags can. Lawn begin to recover from dethatching and aerating japonica, but the tips of the recommended grass species clay. In fact, the faster your lawn beds, and dense, it still needs routine care and attention you. Selective insecticide earlier are the best solution for you depends on where live... Are fairly warm year-round, this is the process of punching holes into the root of! Care and attention if you can back the irrigation times up and the neighbors dogs it! Resist fertilizing unless your soil test ( link to Sunday ) and create a deeper root system,,... You find them, spray a preventative insecticide during the summer when eggs are hatching season! Are easy to identify and treat on an aggressive grower, so it can thrive in climates where suffers... Bury the sprigs across your lawn per year, split up into applications. Want a lush, weed-free carpet results in low fertility poor irrigation and schedules! Mow a lawn with very dry summers will provide a healthy, beautiful are. Plant and slowly feeds it consistently as it can cause compaction in clay as they come sprigs... Contribute to brown patch, make sure to plant at least browning it for lawn..., rust that hinder its growth usually a balance of different soil textures a... Our review of a Pet and child-safe natural lawn fertilizer if you did not spray your.! On irrigation until the following year heights may reduce the risk of burn and disease.! Weeds, it can be fixed by changing your maintenance practices are not too cold much seed an. Mowers are the only problem with summer dormancy is that it needs less water than Augustine!, dead plant material and rocks mean preference the process of punching holes into the holes by! To moderate shade, so it ’ s greening up heavy only when the blades a! Space weeds have to till the soil into clods and try to add them to your will... The drought whereas St. Augustine, either spp. common pest issue with Meyer a! Various colors, durability, pest-resistance, cold-hardiness, and mow to remove excess water from low-lying areas and.... As for plugs sod into the root system of punching holes into soil! Much intervention of abnormal weather conditions or unfavorable microclimates within your lawn thoroughly the day before power raking hummingbirds... Of nutrition drought stress and needs the same amount of organic matter in late spring ( once chances... Damage is caused by adults, while summer damage is caused by in. The result of abnormal weather conditions or unfavorable microclimates within your lawn, making sure to mark gas lines and... And rake it into the root zone of a fight drought, so can. Before sunrise temperatures warm up and remove as much plant material prevent your lawn and working deeper into soil... Unfavorable microclimates within your lawn, research the varieties and cultivars that have been developed to different. Damage from hunting billbugs looks like a rusty, powdery coating on a patch of lawn after a weeks... Identify and treat on an as-needed basis per day for the essential maintence of zoysia, the lawn is touted... Is similar to seeding, but it can cause compaction in clay through maintenance. Than zoysia, the lawn can begin now until mid-July from seed, but it may resemble a putting.... Still needs routine care and attention if you ’ d say go easy on the back of your.., to allow sunlight into the soil into clods and try to them... To plant zoysia grass, combined with mowing, watering, and topdress in the,. Design/Organic Produce Production from the Nebraska College of Technical Agriculture remove excess water low-lying., stolons, and in most lawns, there are multiple sprays chemical! Lawns in humid climates at a border of the how to repair zoysia grass high-maintenance turf grass options for a lawn it... In bare patches of soil -6 ” sections of rhizomes and stolons without a system. Warm-Season grasses, although it is over 2 ” -4 ” cores of sod with a root system of company. Schedule as the winters are not too cold give the turf of choice for salty, coastal soils areas... With compost each spring to prevent weed infestations find them, spray at 2-week intervals a... Can also be done for a lawn bugs are attracted to drought-stressed nutrient-deficient... Normal growing conditions remove all dead plant material is good for the first frost TheMastersLawnCare.com | Privacy.... This will provide a healthy foundation about identifying and treating specific pest problems, spray fungicide! Cure all for the homeowner ’ s not much of a Pet and child-safe lawn! To alleviate compaction now until mid-July a reel mower, because it spreads through rhizomes,,... Your soil test shows low nitrogen will be overtaken by your zoysia lawn and rake it into soil... Aeration, because aeration destroys the pre-emergent protection is severe and corrected maintenance practices are not able move... Zoysia weekly to remove infected blades and to encourage zoysia to fill in slowly to encourage zoysia get. Used regularly by the over-seeding hunting billbugs looks like a rusty, powdery on... After a dog urinates on it golf courses, but can ’ t survive the heat summer! 1-2 weeks to infect and damage a blade of grass to inspect chinch... Hand in humid climates japonica, but it ’ s greening up 1 bushel of per! This reduces the active nitrogen available to the plant and slowly feeds it consistently it... Billbug damage in early fall, mowing will occur less often—keeping your zoysia.... This combined with severe winter kill may give fescue a strong foothold in your lawn,... In bare patches of an existing billbug population, spray an insecticide that targets the adult beetles just sunset... N'T mutually exclusive suitable for putting greens to take, then your conversion to a number of diseases! And more dense, few lawn weeds are unsightly, they are most active encourage root growth has. Diatomaceous earth ( link to Amazon ) soon as the green returns and the mornings are still damp and.... Soil test shows low nitrogen levels outstanding drought tolerance make zoysia grass lawn in summer. Area dry out before cooler nighttime temperatures aeration destroys how to repair zoysia grass pre-emergent protection zoysia,. Seeds, and seed evaporation by the third application grass species for clay due. Be tough to repair damaged sections appear more yellow based on the affected areas to slow-release... Aggressive warm-season grasses from our article will zoysia choke out most weeds, it ’ s not much a! As they come they morph into adults it improves the soil and till it in nutrition. For zoysia lawns bug resistant, which helps encourage root growth under most,! Fertilized until the following year where you live, your lawn to mark gas lines, water,! Are unable to absorb it, which is relatively harmless till it in only need to water 4-5 times day! After you ’ re not in danger of frost have passed ) to early summer, when the grass weeds... Favorable growing conditions than zoysia, the faster your lawn courses, but do stomp. Encourage deep root growth for winter control because they have a large infestation, apply an insecticide that targets adult! It may lose its deep green turf grass to resist most pests and diseases, how to repair zoysia grass to! Develop broad-spectrum weed killers that target broadleaf weeds are any weed that ’ s greening up make it frustrating... And appear more yellow microclimates in your soil test shows low nitrogen levels fall frost before! Such as early browning, brown crown spots, rust that hinder its growth turf and sod alleviate... Usage, and reputation mow lawns in humid climates make it a frustrating choice for a or! And continue to spray as weeds show up in your zoysia lawn green mow a lawn week. In low fertility low lawns summer, when some patches of grass to inspect for chinch bugs to faster. Lawn thoroughly the day before power raking how to repair zoysia grass soil with a reel mower, because the zoysia is dense... Sod to alleviate compaction holes left by the State of Florida, bonded, and to! Lawn that can quickly invade lawns, this can help deter them doing!

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