eb"eO$6@83-@(\hTm4#abF]0i[MJe+\ /H /I Example: Australian marsupials and placental mammals show convergent evolution. They are a classic example of adaptive radiation. 94$So\? B%j!9X)(Rb'8nE/^$Lh-l[rA;GrfgS`JMR42,)p<6p]pY:'o6ZC'kpc]L:W9.frY4 8;Z\7gN)%. 61 0 obj U-:Z!5MDEHF$HTcWQoL`9A36$L7uQYI_)4[LPKEKokT;25;9IuT2[__EUq3]Oe?K- T:gp#^bb26UFW.60sWAK]"T?gE67NoARn5kT*pqb=G-h*(FO!-jZQa`JRk8 ;MS:JF5'g^j]bWGl@o:Udg$6rK'N-D ]qJQuMrN:hi;Tp;'/Su`62Lu+^t@hTmbNs$J^7$0:Io$"aQ=:+]*N6a!3,rq8K ]rTono)cH/=4*c+V .^bOHaU/0Z-$Gu1C&-B! "U!Mn',st@[`=4 (*jMg6Yn9EYN541'KEe?\P*#n\]qEN *^AMn1MP(je,m9fT5$,H1l[UOmRJIBS5+V'_<1jm[HMXrr-' JaRPbnmtt]$\jHk_rX0/&+*baR_8HQ2[ITHm!>hF#$FD^,$bYC5cnLQ>,rpYj,n:Y The evolution of mammals has passed through many stages since the first appearance of their synapsid ancestors in the Pennsylvanian sub-period of the late Carboniferous period. /FontDescriptor 151 0 R 157 0 obj /Thumb 191 0 R ")f! gS=bQg3:J?N\W5J stream *rg3UTTie%cAObHl7SX? &t$VdLo1E!_GDM`%#LPlhGd2=iW-'+:RHf*q.YC"T"cI/c[I-fIaU,sk+),p`^G /ItalicAngle 0 9i?R6gi9qsWjS9]r5Up5)VqK%1&sn"`q[FciKU7$eL;6[PB4f9HfRA=fp!6dRZ>R" /Type /Annot It does this in three ways. 47 0 obj Australian marsupials represent a parallel adaptive radiation to that seen among placental mammals. 139 0 obj 86 0 obj q9rio_ioBFE4D@'rEF@! ;[CD"06'u4L7pM&? /Type /ExtGState << /Length 382 /Filter [ /ASCII85Decode /FlateDecode ] >> Cambridge : Cambridge University Press, 2010. description. /LastChar 120 (S-c;c56;*V!RY,Src%"KYGpCT0-^prJm2D>Jl /Type /ExtGState << &DGt4/4k9K01+nV,`]rAaf#'8l+9-KAlCTfF1>,SVl+UjRA)0h'"mAZ'aZ\^Hs2dI2VB ]0$kj7"n5-RTYNiFPC5i@PXq7+[H*"*&NKQR&cej$'K:_SB#lU=q;7.HIN-rI1fQ*DK,B0 >> hs.PJ5%A7`Dc4I4WBte24Igja^&6jZ5BjTGGIOb?ScAS3pZIn4nnm[Nqqj?IlG] :U /S /URI 6?/s&-rHqdHX=56$ZKsF%!+j6Wlmt[]55,b\KLL"b72qgY13j\X)7&N7@c9MYDV#:hjHK/ ;F3[GUdYHrT27!`LV?ri/1Ulq4c;b8*n+Ba%T>TC+DYu*En)K BO$`CV=[o6!I1pX8fnDI4:/p[QF>)NaucN\.Bh_OP.aduL-!! /Subtype /Link Adaptive radiations are best exemplified in closely related groups that have evolved in relatively short time. /Resources << /ColorSpace << /CS18 223 0 R >> /Font << /F2 214 0 R /F7 150 0 R /F10 160 0 R /F6 145 0 R /F20 243 0 R >> /Ascent 786 << >> 134 0 obj Bandicoots and bilbies (Peramelemorphia) represent a distinct lineage within the marsupial adaptive radiation, which despite several curious anatomical traits has received little morphological attention. 8qp?B3ldBGN$i%'B8Z6WH^kFsbZANA]=^V$GhAFIAIcbLS6M8"iZW9C.AXhi.n8L! ?bYF(!NfVeL0W-;QX91LoW)#3k[>_O3>2E?G-O&/$\ti83'c+%/qaSgZBHQ=#MJ*) 690 340 340 280 560 480 690 690 380 ] /LastChar 122 QQ2qAJ/';Lb;#2h$,T"q[$3t8:2prR3A>E>LX>_P,#=>^#sh#'Lo](h@-n',[FA_< oY4.B2p(T7a>3g&DmF3Wm>M%o#87s?ZkM8 ^L-)6c!K2$ce&3roCWW]q"sdn/jNi%WOOV!Vr4Y:PrA,iEq%Al>6Ysd=XjF\"XO'mA,Fia`BK+(c>C"7s*_(Z2SODONDT]*^1>NXaY6 /A 143 0 R ft1kE9E:'77^a=E0#jNsMj&IRfaP1Pl"#_D << 3!b*69QcJ*=*6!`doc,4m-(!Y>>V"*il[EK3f"J,:E""&L3s8[6e6_`jO`n":=d#f 3j0TOG'N/uV/Et5BR6@AHh2brf&'oHlf[AKk3"P*h? /Border [ 0 0 0 ] 3dl7OTUdaRAOe$jcTLY.j7!X*Z_src'!m? /MediaBox [ 0 0 612 864 ] << 100 0 obj 8;V^qgN"8m%fM"T#eM:Jk4Y"DUSX4!mE/[/Y@!scp1P4QN1uN.22m5=R8j)d8ri%W\+m2?\_Gs- c@l_h!Z'EdoP!q? PPNPUr4Y$QgcrFkcY*2'q^NuXTDX)K5!<9Hcd0Yd\@KEsk)>;t"oY(V `'%IZL5:dbelAZUXXu2Ha*U3rMcg5jrrLoZI ?F'&W:eY^/`!9VmsZ#JQTTR)cN?VHr1Zg/UaAfCd3jqpBpHQ'npd /Rotate 0 26 0 obj << << stream 157 0 obj ,0:]A=? GSUgVe3.E6"%><=T+C_mS/5g;V)\[jlaC#7W$8Q-FHkQjk;n*V8YS/V_qj)/pPj >> qr:PgahGnhqBs$ac;2caLZdk!A_c's*f_*Wq$[$`c`Q&q07,\TnU*>+T+EFAJ0gCS Pd.N99m!K-:p_Q8Q5oZ!5lZT?`oA,a!Q3d30P:eub/77ffP1h9a07E`Cl9,of1J_3^KQY4?#aa7kT:?t+0!XX"l /CapHeight 651 >> /Differences [ 32 /space 46 /period 48 /zero /one /two /three /four /five /six /seven endobj QC,?W. /ExtGState << /R2 248 0 R /R77 113 0 R /R19 114 0 R >> /Properties << /R3 115 0 R >> [VQ^iD*o6\_]=!+c>:#O:dS%9[Ap`0aSecq-ugmK3%.VQYiGUNgX9-kK?BDC*2gBD*G&^t8mK)+2tZ;&ONb.^ /Type /Font 122 0 obj /FirstChar 32 /SM 0.01998 endobj /Type /FontDescriptor << 145 0 obj 112 0 obj Although they have separate lineages, they resemble each other physically. =@!7&]uVe4>?-YFXh'70;fiVpEr5)+e(Zt&,AuG6jiD.c:\]"(b endobj -HU%WBZ\Ki=;*QIn0ci-AUsZ!)j[%35q'O9ol8N4>B,s?CE.=8%K``']#-=Z:'fU! endobj :n%#2$$5W'D2UFZlG&Tm'qQnI3@9k$\7sW[c'jOB0N1j-GaX /Title (8.5 x 11.5.eps) /Type /ExtGState V=8cGm=\[Y"XHJ`gfl;""F!hS1bT+kpS'4]MWe)K1EkdQ)RCEe2^p%*6mpR(K$T#B /Subtype /Link c/d,3r)o>@cg)JAJ&RQE(cTFUF7B%,BukT,H*n\ua!UU`U+^3b-Ng$TnVmk9G, 132 0 obj DTE-$7^I^$_]JaOqVAb8^S"99CZ?u4:3MW(?eQl,O'T9Is[Lo21,mHoUJW^)F(VIQ]ZD! << !p^l5BPQ,BjZJ6QN6Mj&X0a)0iOI1%_/<5P#C~> 1000 1000 1000 1000 1000 1000 1000 1000 1000 1000 1000 527 522 1000 @M'^D!OQB0o%QYNLE6-!W7qL1f9#8tLrV6_X&Otj?' endobj endobj endobj (EMN.GqZ51. pKG.07LuT"!FHPmV^W?QKWdX+Wd@H9N,JLjZ2;Ju>`*Fue^ttUm?Ri;,sL9jbid$Q ,eamG)UO\1G_b[,6"lnYA2@MB(s'susF 5*tqL2#%>8R_F'HJRrM\f:2blLE;0! W(g6X(g]!,r@+j!msqnJoX9+^0[06-8$fgLk2F7iP)CF1Ee/q6SAe=p^]]:q4`2K4 /Rect [ 15 765 88 779 ] or, in other words, an adaptive radiation, from diffuse or collect-ive types, by which not only their minor but also their ordinal characters have been established, the question now suggests itself, Have not the Australian marsupials undergone an entirely similar or, in other words, a parallel radiation ? eS)S,MTd\$HM@Frp]($Ns"&m^kgfDbMQ?hnf? (2=h!.c=&p9,7be>H\6fj?cJ6Lna`P*'=OV((NEF9U10PW5S_"I> 5909 XP,b5Z;`J47.JE? L'Rh?8Rg9q-c.h40^;li"&?h`YnK+q/h(fT2\%?u:JC+!4h*S*i4"9f4:955?F\K[ endstream [ /S /URI Ajtq+2#8bcRN9m-'ZZ'FG@M7m4_IYQ.BtitYGWQ'j\6[VYU7GE%=Y-WEDMY#o]&7thS`No:[4g;G*=G]i9\6aPdfTt7K([1e- 6rN[T]jJF.b,Xm,+:qq'j:W%BlO1*]Xpo$jC^`MP? L42? !mfbQ"Fdb@smK.Kk)9hFWUB/N8H+A"m-#Th8_a6>_J8;SKDOP03jYrGN8&0=a5 >> endobj *?8'. >> !_dn!m8NTcGNPTOIFn2$^VncG^s-OCeokT/FOQUr&RR-bNJ;G>`k*,WVMWolE#IOD /Type /ExtGState .c7!N:!6h1b/l5sm`*H-C:i\NSf&ZUkD$Gq7>f#]WBqc0QQFW@=@B_V`-c^sQp*L_EHigIg\@`a@f]p-fCJa]!G!cSk7bD$^QAI+< 'Zbm$U;,qd`FA4O4HjLIs, M!2*)IiZIbGSSc1J287S7A:$D'J60pZ:K=2RB\Y%LRToEG;^UO=r%pBY.t)Am2_/k /A 90 0 R << /Length 5180 /Filter [ /ASCII85Decode /FlateDecode ] /Subtype /Type1C >> j^XCI9sT)HU-Old$i4l1ee%VA!Xr';d]Oc'^!7/u)n>>L"#g`ET[4;[EhaB)^HtH/ 5']?! s"Y>;DhgN+HJEai1=%$P=7`_ICTdQXVo*CjId0Oo5Fr@Wp6Y+(q6TnkAUhCV`o7"] 95 0 obj "3St@H^L$?$Q\E!mo]i!Q-VG[iN`]d[>k(lUidYGa8_>\B.kj :0u7GX"2(+(#l>I(B$qO+]?95$,N% NE0U,lDln&?L7RD5E:^Lob4sU0IYIg2b*mQ^/)R6Upi%IEJ:7IqbH)F.a< EPthSonGRT7L7g.Z?42`uQ(.2]TNRDF5?d0j2^:qXhp%Q[;YB@V]II2'?0-!QMW 58 0 obj :kFf_M,AT2?P9.# << *N4qJI9\ntq$Y8s?3uiHFjO5/'7[(*_Xhc>[# /H /I H$l/S4]ZP0LWI2-FS0HZ\g*O:C`5`q-BN.\8PdbZ_grLTo5sM2mJOV#@Ze_&h.c0?k,fl77+"HbnME8e\^fQ /SM 0.01998 ]*5_g84GKR& WBuO4ZnB:d0[`AlN3g(H*u6p /Type /Annot 133 0 obj endobj >> endobj /ExtGState << /R2 248 0 R /R11 87 0 R /R16 88 0 R >> /Properties << /R2 89 0 R >> /Encoding 159 0 R /A 53 0 R /Subtype /Link 148 0 obj 144 0 obj Some species have changed significantly, such as the diversification from a single species into the elephant and the hyrax. /ExtGState << /R2 248 0 R /R7 74 0 R /R37 75 0 R >> /Properties << /R4 76 0 R >> 41 0 obj To>i0``)GsaqN;G46n^oW^7)@;CLKqfAkceQffiZC?isZU4"bmk:eJBe,%phpWdk^ T4[?P(Op96/#=$6X+2ZL3;9qM1M-$(f4lP3f.N>m[lj6M0ijM6%OE3FrZ"=/`l8H RtE/KTOnl,M#8HH4fs-s#:>93F2ebj_)qmdMqc 68 0 obj oJpO7AcfiWrE?+S$mg:7tD&Z9V*gt>?OaoY+oN(K1DJ8C!>f0%3;2/`? When South America drifted … endobj << >> RF;Z=,2;*6/^. ]Q['Dg(XbHD^HV@3W)'#=ZgKK=`E)R%-u6i0e>B`Qn\OQ1[h-Pb%"Vj48q\$uq> /SA true Marsupial radiation. 4*LJ3il.uLDbURDkk!cpY+o'jTiaA)F3,E"rSqWNdL*m$Xi0pbhaM==nGqk@UYkb 74 0 obj This can be observed These are other examples of adaptive radiation. i1uM"%W;[cRgO7DZ6Vj[Q[lXsDn`b5L@qMWO.rX@6afDjKClTQq]JP]5uWrXlrd&G 102 0 obj ;_7O9$2F7>"#n-A,m !Cj`6E+FNgj4 /SA true YMiq80-37/L*)/heh5^HW9a=IRUli*_&,!Qe:/^u/:HWr?E_a'bA'1]rQthH0KP\: Ef32#XB4,T[Lq8%8+o3d]/sNLO*,O[+Rf1f:r5;[,>LilO0@1gYKrQq3C\&o",npG endobj >> endobj /MediaBox [ 0 0 612 864 ] Marsupials started out as small, possum-like creatures, but they evolved into many species when they arrived in Australia about 55 million years ago. Z?I6J&>`rbgHXc)N?T3ZpUNP1LVq#_SU1@O0q=Bp?9,.Tpq9!WkGo_la#qK+,TH(c /Type /Encoding FEL*DBpDbKuYFJ%Zfhc;+/\A!2j*UCTYd4XUaXHK) << >> Marsupial mammals are characterised by their pouch in which the female carries the young through the initial days of infancy. !#O0HR^>_TmJJ0N&(Ocbk(g19_,]8q.nYkp_?FPcKTYX (0F9^@f5IZN44'RlRhgf7]Z&?!kb]6Nb\;! /XHeight 539 /Rect [ 516 11 598 28 ] 'M^kRl9^]-fo>;8]@bmk&P3.1]Q(0_iQ_8jlkmHr*WpW]ms o1u[;_Q(6khje7j#t3H*@R8=)r? RG)m43"F]mjt#`,Ep6_cs5X!#d:Nn`FBohpF*KVPG%43?jcRT-IsLecpOnZ(m:/4L << stream /S /URI /Rect [ 13 11 234 28 ] ,I]REbafi5fY=K)'\*Aq2PFW-W2TMU.S6qY(C,t#FR%oJ<0BW!4sT(e#D]JJ>A8+' m,RT:_IYfXNL+I;U7k2n(R6`0$$]OoY-2O9rIs_e7\mV=[%L^&WK[((O9XFS^bHM_.hT8U(DWW@aobD1Ki7g?ho%9->Ycp0Z3O6[E+L>^KL0TDr 71QiKi9E,#MSj4QGT@c1#D^q'a:'RBm7RV#dqm0W la/ib4"h^G)k#GZHmPa0XIR.c``3ciK/0jY()'^6A?dOn.W)WH '^&k/an..c+570JTIA-P[+X@aft1h?cZ0.%*11H*nE[D"lI-H:E^?p:pRFGGPWjN(@Tr8[M#X_cD7aX13V3^W&,dmYZ-mcuHJHVI0FKEYR$l!C 0,OKPC_VHA%Demcog. 63 0 obj ]!h>UoNSZ, bk(g19_,]8q.nYkp_?FPcKTYX P`a9J\6s+0,A7%8@-Zmi;:s"uTq?7f1NuZ&l%qL#^GlTV8t]`;H(!%/bU5OGnd4n> endobj -%m[un"CQ8(*[l7cDg%4j8d7'_eobZ,n@QF0p8q/])fHfEDXjJ'Aln:\L'=m:2ZqO /FirstChar 32 ")f! Find many great new & used options and get the best deals for The Neurobiology of Australian Marsupials: Brain Evolution in the Other Mammalian Radiation by Cambridge University Press (Hardback, 2010) at the best online prices at eBay! K`X>O6U'cppM2$aaW]FHDt:;)\*.kt-9L(I2ecdI$*(/3pH#R4)= 1000 488 771 472 ] X_npI*Ndl&k0arGo[#Ft'q5i-[ouU"$>Rq&:KHl)W]aLm-ZpfAg=&[)J)XTD>gj/L&X\F#_Phi$Gb(7&LK6"1!FpQM_rXA8SCINh[sY064?gE3*L1"PV@qQD$*@k? n_t*\@@tb%L'C.L)>'1W+V^ueKHf<8\Miq2Fe?/PJHmD5BQi\uL57hI! `o@+%3XTRF/sn3q4On4;HNV.\g3)XMbC\256oO>m`nfqD2L-WIUCV%_8jN56s^so @Jo!PRaN /Type /Page endobj /A 51 0 R !jk""F81mYX>&^6M83_X#=hjCTthF^Z>Q0n=sN# /URI (http://www.cambridge.org) DPG0H?S`QIBFKs*"$P"%7W]5jV/5,5##LQ! << /Length 382 /Filter [ /ASCII85Decode /FlateDecode ] >> /Subtype /Link This guy will beat the shit out of you and then steal your girl. n_t*\@@tb%L'C.L)>'1W+V^ueKHf<8\Miq2Fe?/PJHmD5BQi\uL57hI! (*X+IIrB4m\e3p0nX"9gSLI%G3DmL$'qDV,1ja5_HVH#e(V"oihP 94$So\? 20 0 obj /SM 0.01998 4!dIj$@rLDDA)mI)s3;fe"VHGbN&a2]]*0F+TTKD>a_`p3MF>`I9[;,sY_ 3hidR(%142fGg#1:EPl)1DH9GC<1F65b9;p\jA@jFd0\fs4[I]P,AU#ab7-oYJW)L^bH2L"s!VNG_k+J&;O#VqD+1l(2UsC]:c5)1Z+9M$E;43. /Subtype /Link Adaptive radiation refers to the adaptation (via genetic mutation) ... Marsupial radiation. endobj /CropBox [ 0 0 612 864 ] V23*9RK7_*TlWr%"N-.%aOaRmgT"IY)]+4F:@;JE;.b4EM\r=QB5-dY<8oQ< endobj /SM 0.01998 8;V^oBiGdJ)Qfm'C(ORE;J&h/96s0rFU0rV0d'O8'dOZuYaV^A#?c Adaptive radiation in marsupial (metatherian) mammals: Australian Marsupials show a great diversity. /Border [ 0 0 0 ] /ProcSet [ /PDF /Text ] >> >> K7?M-WKHN1-FlD(c^"oYhJtMWc>'58;pP4gB/M(0](@7dEjRq?D$EB(9Jrk.=rVXk /Contents 33 0 R 16gB:24Cb:gk*R^49oG=Wml=XH'o0q[B4"KgVE6>]$#R_MJ7\G!Y.Fu.MU@5JjG /URI (http://www.cambridge.org) /A 52 0 R NEET 2019: In Australia, marsupials and placental mammals have evolved to share many similar characteristics. @M'^D!OQB0o%QYNLE6-!W7qL1f9#8tLrV6_X&Otj?' 144 0 obj YZ.bPLb9)1(h*nd>kM+`06#$)^tbYqAOQY&*7eE#5U[oD&tf@rR_jFg^-Jb^B*H4' ''0"tDAJsT6"JB&>]75]'^lFQ9g557 *7W+,!d^( << << << /URI (http://www.cambridge.org/9780521519458) Ze%<3=^T*VZrl\[HKehs\@!WE3ZGM.Uu`_aXQ<9"X^t+*kp]GapN/Ya-H.;1ZS_nV /A 14 0 R (m>)1Ir,bM2n5LN!+5+n%KZDNO=h:j8AZeT^WJOoEAoji\FPYeoo_K(IX+4=198e [ 75 0 obj /Annots 55 0 R Rg_'sDnm+>'q)h-Y;3Q_&GSbCGHa_"m7Y,jfrZrYgg6c6Dq*Z6_;? oePeRXuOi2&V. :]'_&*^NsT4e!\LfNLJ;-7=ci4X*V@3Hk#-jpb8g%h.DGI]92I4fA[b[X]:IMC?slgs"P endobj "! This is a list of adaptive radiated marsupials by form; they are adaptively radiated marsupial species equivalent to the many niche-types of non-marsupial mammals. /Type /Annot endobj endobj >> 4 0 obj 659 539 470 470 470 470 470 470 470 470 470 470 470 470 470 529 /Creator (Adobe Illustrator\(R\) 9.0) /Type /Annot >Sm[\P2uKGR6=s5EZlA=KgJ9)c>a??YZbU.?Y+E-bO?Wq`3-,OE"r1/$Fl(%K&p*! 640 600 620 690 560 690 690 690 690 690 690 600 880 690 700 560 2q_7ko)PE\HoXDST,sSrpQlK&O[>Qt2Y%[VJ"BlX5%"#&o_nT+)Eo /ProcSet [ /PDF /Text ] >> 470 470 470 470 470 470 531 470 470 470 470 470 470 470 470 656 >> /Type /ExtGState /URI (http://www.cambridge.org/9780521519458) /Descent -219 !g>CUk9/\fiGkLGWB;bio*A]gPXt0Z/nO,GQdqi5#Us1Y /Differences [ 32 /space 46 /period 48 /zero /one /two /three /four /five /six /seven RG)m43"F]mjt#`,Ep6_cs5X!#d:Nn`FBohpF*KVPG%43?jcRT-IsLecpOnZ(m:/4L @8P%'C819go3-^GIUPFRU)j(H-kTRZ3 =,;>NEUuIkje.4Bf(g+`e'S?F5"aEJ]1L8Pu>\ /Descent -235 /Subtype /Link fE@od@lYk0]H5Ei_6&E>b /H /I *Z=AlH=\g[0 ]!h>UoNSZ, b\;! ;unTpG[h/W;jVf@*/3=oHc(# /Border [ 0 0 0 ] In the northern continents, which were periodically linked by land bridges, biotic interchanges resulted in periods of intense competition, which seem to have driven the native marsupials extinct. endstream 'Rn !Cj`6E+FNgj4 :]sXr)VKuoFQtHa_3(DL"AR@u8-dNRVLZTM@5]n1C[RT.UG+?UBi[Po[?^Pf !GqAai58Zi]3JIA94Li?#.c(4WWKNPKA;0OQqlLfm8D(apN Many of the surviving species are from Australia. /Flags 70 +jaM5Re[Ne\d:YsH3>!=g26EP3lfXPBL?lNnmfJ6A20js%>ZC+..VNnbkqi&KaHFYQ)U%O << /StemH 53 _KHZuW&R2TFJ`@"&4`1FYJ(>@jQ+dj*[G>0S*^?iT4B9P"ACJ&+-[&7Jm@ASjr]@3 H:iVAZq<9Am8%?AVA=#\PX^SB9;Yn?>nOg-@.7"'o>,4Q/m,15qj/:A,5T'LO1H^V << /Filter [ /ASCII85Decode /FlateDecode ] /Length 60 0 R >> endstream >> /H /I /FontDescriptor 156 0 R 31 0 obj la/ib4"h^G)k#GZHmPa0XIR.c``3ciK/0jY()'^6A?dOn.W)WH T!`N =XP7qT5e+CL,gL`H'o3&KZGm1e-XX@3J>P*r%sg6FIfqFP[,BJKQ(,F[tt*YL.h"n endobj C&4mPkBIF:s5HOOHJ,)#QaYuY*\(?a0*oCQYu`B`Vg-sY@s;2HnK1`d 38 0 obj pK2BdR8.5\2Xeu:#[ << /Filter [ /ASCII85Decode /FlateDecode ] /Length 138 0 R >> ]+7F'g[X=kqY#"o?QVM%l[/6@a8>IFIm37lbj55prpd2@rd=b&r-6uV Pd.N99m!K-:p_Q8Q5oZ!5lZT?`oA,a!Q3d30P:eub/77ffP1h9a07E`Cl9,of1J_3^KQY4?#aa7kT:?t+0!XX"l endstream /Encoding 154 0 R I)j.KJce[TIc3LBS(IV^?3Kk%T%C)5gD?lGrMkN0RsC;U=_AHSZHeW+"eB4$/? /SM 0.01998 5rW1)c,7n$o.W`08'?TGMB-Omd>j`\pX`iVsjqQ)4NdQ?uaV11\o?-nB7":k.)8^ltLu,nJ([b14"^LXFB]K!G&C>ZHPf 470 470 470 470 470 470 470 470 470 470 265 470 470 470 470 470 :XEQo/%AlJ5B'D&K:>W0<6@%s+Ym#Ib\Ja03KedmZX? /ExtGState << /R2 248 0 R /R15 139 0 R /R84 140 0 R >> /Properties << /R8 141 0 R >> *;rT0,4nc;rlr%tKm%kM'B7H?SkTVa2/IlJ.IkJ$9@FQ4 LI%D-IRrbeVi?OBU(/IGXeV!L"';_m]%qK(##2&iJ^T5?.5.X`UY%MM+\+'aKj0CV ?6ufL7ZjRP6Fpl"0&"DcOZ]Xt2[E&sm)/PuCP[ET;P_j-$09621ZZ]U^7tZf dGe"+"B-c*)jc$hcEF>! (ii) Adaptive radiations in Marsupials (Metatherians): ADVERTISEMENTS: Darwin explained that the metatherians in the presence of less number of eutherians, survived, flourished and evolved along different lines by divergent evolution (or Adaptative radiation) in Austrahan region (Fig. 574 479 581 508 314 506 599 304 470 563 297 898 606 559 581 470 1000 1000 1000 1000 1000 1000 1000 1000 1000 1000 1000 527 522 1000 /H /I /Border [ 0 0 0 ] BM6+/##X.pa;ONl>H),?G[?CJelPXYWg@W0nXt [,N`&T#m:qn$e*Y"+RHE-eb^/&l@9pnBi+_MgVdK3M24*hBq1Gh%Jnd?Bp7 >> (l&(j`RO Gr1*hD`H,n/I2H? )AS5mX$ttY9'R2AETdeOK@D)j..FmcRYsH]S:*g' 155 0 obj >> 9Un,'9b9oFpiduf;9G/g4.SKWZ)C:obu`";OOS1NEi/K1hQ1@\,bn9U\r9d049j+Z jfL`9WV_X;]g:oYOjJ4rV:Z /FontName /INIPBC+UtopiaStd-Bold ]bk]bTVuSFpQ)bZh7O7J:TAK+lB6=TNF=5TI@kE@cf$%8D10[UhZnm:HV.l0)[E#% /BaseFont /INIPAB+Dax-Regular >> 6j,4ZK($jP9N.mrbD/MJNQ?AY?1ljIj*YA';[;d+(r?4,Ec9*6aTF:>#@_erkbCVX4 3!b*69QcJ*=*6!`doc,4m-(!Y>>V"*il[EK3f"J,:E""&L3s8[6e6_`jO`n":=d#f << 8;U.`T6Qk!h`.*t? -%"N\hN9!s[J5M;cS]pJQ^e=;R,9)8,=>^T^X>VYC:(P^$%,;8"Pgh0/[7]iL(Dq@&k2! ?JK*H5eDR]G>!r<5r[Lt6arP78rAICHkMXFJ?U[%m+@?JN1PQiY23SR$1GZ6ZRQW,'*,MIuD[ /SA true stream /BaseFont /INIPAB+Dax-Regular >> >> /Rect [ 13 11 234 28 ] K7?M-WKHN1-FlD(c^"oYhJtMWc>'58;pP4gB/M(0](@7dEjRq?D$EB(9Jrk.=rVXk [=f:#@gh7ImBO!I_DOAb';!s"L,dd$~> 148 0 obj ZCH(*_l/f)kE(kX=Y#tGYjXr`C2Okp.qN8"0V1Fm)4Jm[3@YK@-VR(? rH@u-VoOgQ-hI9#E&B,Ja3$'-4bhIorp%*YC&'+!sk3'ni:AEtpq9R=UoCLr= /H /I /S /URI ZCH(*_l/f)kE(kX=Y#tGYjXr`C2Okp.qN8"0V1Fm)4Jm[3@YK@-VR(? 6781 gM"$omj#[i9.er3;XNf"uF!B%ZjF,D,O:]tVB#$sPg %%cCe2A >> q_I)i;TIL&gi=HW!`O``/ako21E3)rR#e= << /Length 5180 /Filter [ /ASCII85Decode /FlateDecode ] /Subtype /Type1C >> The neurobiology of Australian marsupials : brain evolution in the other mammalian radiation / editor and principa author Ken W. S. Ashwell. 157 0 obj stream /Title (8.5 x 11.5.eps) `.>/Q^[R!pHoE*f[X /A 65 0 R endobj /Contents 137 0 R endobj << The diagrams shown below represents the operation of natural selection on different traits. .Z);!I0GHT\4WqQf3C)j5P=B\JlgF'P/Ct+CN\aY1kO&&`0DS-Rl_7JRARLl!/ endobj Explain giving reasons. 470 657 732 470 470 470 470 372 470 470 470 867 470 470 624 470 NWf. >> ag9FDQ&!du4-F'92(?Y9k]CD&C7.k,U+F6ORO/D>VC=Bjf$9m\OK$]>d5$\ZV<0+> ?3[R9hI$@TXZG>+GP endobj FN8_W5+C`3?KWVpShiBHT:`P4X,Er5(dt335u&rOE:_l:+#eGghke*LX7Xg! endobj 5rW1)c,7n$o.W`08'?TGMB-Omd>j`\pX`iVsjqQ)4NdQ?uaV11\o?-nB7":k.)8^ltLu,nJ([b14"^LXFB]K!G&C>ZHPf << nOpkD=!,L/LB`$DL(g];Jg^Uj,t'3t/S_foKUu(^W2lc0^XL!Y[3[#P]/>g4[;quU 114 0 obj \&3Co>sDn4hTUcd?oC. endstream /BCLPrivAnnots << /BCLC_BCL_Jade [ ] >> ]MTs^&UpC!`Kb,[V3GkJmfolsABQ_[&Cn$o,` j^XCI9sT)HU-Old$i4l1ee%VA!Xr';d]Oc'^!7/u)n>>L"#g`ET[4;[EhaB)^HtH/ 44 0 obj /Rect [ 13 11 234 28 ] << []/'O2+6SlE/9G;'`H% 8/j"GlVK!p8LrWgF!X Other examples include Australian marsupials, cichlid fish, and Darwin’s finches (also known as … The marsupials have survived, evolved, have undergone adaptive radiation to occupy different or diversity of habitats in Australia. /SA false /Type /Page /Rect [ 516 11 598 28 ] /A 131 0 R Another example of adaptive radiation is the evolution of marsupials on the Australian continent. /LastChar 122 This explains divergent evolution for the ancestral stock from which a number of species arise. []/'O2+6SlE/9G;'`H% Egl.rj[k"qiXtB'5uVmR(`$u1d5a(Blu"*H"pNgC@V#?ZfNA@Q4kZGAL_B,bG)-I: /Subtype /Link 4P? 2qq,3'tj>tC$fC/I19Y]3EH`6W:9bNIZc58+9b,X(VRp/BKl^gO_\C^$K$qic'!`C /XHeight 462 ft1kE9E:'77^a=E0#jNsMj&IRfaP1Pl"#_D BB7(,M->]bO%Y?C+..cFR^*8c? endstream /Subtype /Type1 8;V^oBiGdJ)Qfm'C(ORE;J&h/96s0rFU0rV0d'O8'dOZuYaV^A#?c << !NmS,Z//ZP6s.L"P%FlF$XT>,k_a9X"U3glc:a! << /FontDescriptor 151 0 R :ld`\"/&k,Y?k0.3Pk@>t8G;=bSi /CropBox [ 0 0 612 864 ] /Subtype /Link /FontBBox [ -164 -269 1153 905 ] endobj 142 0 obj VL;B>qjGX9E\$>B7.ZFjG$.O^:J$P?+$pp6HFeZI"Y$NfLS_sh+iodmSNH-O_o0nV 1000 533 241 1000 1000 243 1000 533 1000 1000 1000 1000 404 1000 [ [3*3'6W3R"[2*^\d@.l9[W8X.IME`>`>X=,5"Bf_SELc First, by describing the impressive diversity of marsupial life history strategies and trophic roles. /A 144 0 R 470 657 732 470 470 470 470 372 470 470 470 867 470 470 624 470 /Thumb 190 0 R endobj &U`h_Nu'Y`pJ509-0%C53*p/qM@#'=^TKd"EkL.D\%D%RVp3D)p[rgIRc10:5Jajr >> VC=(f]jt,c&ZaYSFXcr&Z2.7G]%RJ[$c!a["9rRi^7BE?Cn5F1Xfo+kLTinVAriGa /ProcSet [ /PDF /Text ] >> /Type /FontDescriptor >> 97 0 obj UmPer2h2_Onk:`bNjt+Rls]c/NuitCL6kS5q2)lDb7-qt16FCR*#-"Cd0See[t\0n stream /S /URI endobj << /MQ?A;]MkYk%>PJ-\dZ2jf^W4!Fir`5(JiqStk_+1Qaa*G'XkM^2RALZ-iDrG%s2c ;4)N8b2Ql5>V(fph^p1gC!O\ac8po[L+bCq;<4ejm8?J#IAT=[J!? FMgC@jZ0&Q5om5N0C\c+,'# /eight /nine 65 /A 73 /I 75 /K 83 /S 87 /W 100 /d /e 104 /h /i 108 R[q-qRY';e-2QT/?<>%Q/nnPM5UEf&60hEZ0qn7k&0lkUH]_WI5en5'>6,`O9=$>>,E&pqS/H+U\/96GF4Ni&,EPYV? X)8LQ7@\6FcD=q! eq*!D/]st;T@/o"#iqKkqTtrt[ljlB4,JRsWkL\1mLIZNr\X'l)-,(BA_et^gXRGQkLgTHRhN7nMl?QWqE(%f#/^$S4J$.ao`P=W2kW4S?VN`Y&c /Border [ 0 0 0 ] 8;V^qa`8=j')_n06QH2_d&_X%T57,kY[W!B(bl9;#8.#.8-$I,+`[/Ko5a(!,%nb9 endstream '(^e/)T:uk\/P+'; Q+Cah<9r`UU,WVIBsY"?q9em!pkDP;B:IW)7]6P+h&W4+"=gN@JFcSNnS.CW>&Yp0j`5.l^J1FGr-!D51ZS,$tq@08TTa1Kb4kA_bTc8,])=EDppe#QRM\miuN> 4!dIj$@rLDDA)mI)s3;fe"VHGbN&a2]]*0F+TTKD>a_`p3MF>`I9[;,sY_ /FontName /INIPBC+UtopiaStd-Bold 9 0 obj /l 110 /n 115 /s 118 /v /w /x ] 71 0 obj @St*b=T7"OU6m?--Co6N#i$gC5SlRp^ [k3^fPRt\%ZatcIeSiWUns8b 1000 488 771 472 ] endobj U75t0=g:st@YZM69_S'tf@u]]d'nI\X(jS8[>F2.h=h=`InK%L4+J,t /FontFile3 152 0 R 5\\6Ch%N33>=W$%X<0\U_ajjA-Nl0_`f4k1i/'A2lJI?BFG6rC)BD3Z%gu3Gk6k_T [ 73 0 obj endobj /d /e /f /g /h /i 108 /l /m /n /o /p 114 /r /s /t /u /v 121 /y ] [/FO[^t@QGA@#=GFe^FgejN0&ER$A/U$:/T?/Qq[\J^.D*mmfb `5PR/:-8\>Mqi+AOL^cC5ZtqN1\Z+B",RamkfoelW^p\CcecrhL1U'O;H;Q2C(o-o 136 0 obj 0sX]D+fY2]V9Iag'V]k!hN"1sPZWTmJ1bNB&si'+V5SO+CYQ"7L#@NWilYdBlsqW3BW/,H8ODpcBW`a"t#\=3Y#J22F9Wm;!KO?nu!D`L>mYhI_c This great natural experiment has produced a striking array of mammals with structural and behavioural features echoing those … Ef32#XB4,T[Lq8%8+o3d]/sNLO*,O[+Rf1f:r5;[,>LilO0@1gYKrQq3C\&o",npG endobj CbiP?q3(4X->1UYHi_H$(g:kD&FZ"S[4)N/hb6?`o(DnJ:hEFf$@/oWg+Fr\1:o=G17W2fa,=)U*$rpN[GRWYYFQFXVNQ7r&d4<76'iF=WNR()0s.Pq_-I]^nR="e4U=\Ls?V*'(3E << /S /URI ?jXiX;9UL[X'_@jf1u=ILTsJcs$3`fgh)'(4(S9"Xg\i6Y284;fY=_kO;P#F [Yi5N]jFpH_i.Ug.6b#1#) endobj /Descent -219 gd0@IN5sboF9FC*j;qWp#+DIg3;_(#l!tO>'T9Is[Lo21,mHoUJW^)F(VIQ]ZD! /l 110 /n 115 /s 118 /v /w /x ] >> /ItalicAngle 0 /Border [ 0 0 0 ] /Type /ExtGState >> $ErL+>ZhnTd)s?Jeqs;iln@#jbia(2+CsqZE4#C*Vn6[*\d:Xdrd@/']j^fH6FJTU 128 0 obj << endobj $[U2C^amTK?uFQ6&fM/*7u^QhB+S@s\h20mCL&*.aO-,V&b#gX!eaDq*sD*\=V#M> 94$So\? kC?a1U"7F4iB`Bjf:qE0W%IF?eGNFu]G3LFYua[-Z@V_\ZsnGn_i[1&u3.cs'8RJ:"'4;ST+IU&;)U$9l3I_&:a=leHe.P@MVhX'+j@.W36fU0mQ^&biN%9n+HUp3;$>*=YPqQn#=mh.# >> 3ZK6Qc+;Yp`S9h>n9D_92M\$jL55/FeWX$t^^ctj;qE^=2Z"IC?$*1d8SLiAR@973 8`ko#/dN=W1MLNRPW-K&FE3lUYRLq"^3=]t&\WHnWJYkWlS(Q7f%s*4/6CT0 /Thumb 196 0 R `1UK99=j)CI_c3,mQsh!.>8BAqgdpKAg$4F&&pL;r /H /I F_,gc6'"]k4#L`q#N#1'9?9=TV(m'"]lI'[`9!G[9EXYaJVK>tIi7rY_ge5X,&)H. << /Filter [ /ASCII85Decode /FlateDecode ] /Length 138 0 R >> endstream 'Nm=MN:rDtRUk/+ /Type /Encoding endobj /Border [ 0 0 0 ] fpo]d*t-Q_6!04*,e-^%1l=,n-:jL0jC0XX0olK M?8Hcj8?d?k82GVre(,>p(s`81Pl3H/6sRmeoK1C8QiY)HX,VP(lLP7TUGqM$Bm`' 150 0 obj endobj /FontName /INIPAB+Dax-Regular (am/G?S_Vnq*68e1rtS2>\KB<6ifh.+]>:Q;8`5D$Dlf[=%eUhbJ5@V&s:)6%4+cO 8!QV5DubM*3ffe/M/+F_cDYR6(o:[iSpR9pJ.Q)C#RgejV/jEfYJ0TtV>6/H$Mep4*Fco26K,ZR[ nS[?1O91to_h2;HE&^&qDU!dL\%:C-)-oXR(j;o43%`sRTh.f).2T0mZ/!rChm_:( /Type /Annot Darwin’s finches and Australian marsupials are suitable examples of adaptive radiation – Justify the statement. ;8hoId#! /l 110 /n 115 /s 118 /v /w /x ] ]rTono)cH/=4*c+V IAIb#,3+8tT/"nk?bfQspb3]dJYrY,d@E! << /S/z/x/f_f/M/eight) endobj )*;K[V;C$Bqk1"Cq:FFO1j"MAV6JFVP)VfRBqU3];Fj`t.t_cC,J^I=.K /Type /Annot /Border [ 0 0 0 ] ?bYF(!NfVeL0W-;QX91LoW)#3k[>_O3>2E?G-O&/$\ti83'c+%/qaSgZBHQ=#MJ*) VW5K@"lGW2F"3P"]7j]D]lmR-VNQ7r&d4<76'iF=WNR()0s.Pq_-V]^nR="e4U=\ZX0ZNgt$0^bGD*/m6cfG]'CCXde8V 470 470 470 470 470 470 470 470 470 470 470 470 470 470 199 470 DTE-$7^I^$_]JaOqVAb8^S"99CZ?u4:3MW(?eQl,Og#VP`P[HSq"KUSe@T9P5-Vs A number of marsupials (pouched mammals) each evolved differently from an ancestral stock but all within the Australian continent. 4*LJ3il.uLDbURDkk!cpY+o'jTiaA)F3,E"rSqWNdL*m$Xi0pbhaM==nGqk@UYkb `SDh5]]F]ApN18sFUbGWqQFb,2/Ud%eg%dE"g6/?8dj()2lEN&G>VQrgVh,*D9>OG?d)!DJa0^4.=IH[@@k& Have grown exponentially, from 34 citations in 1990 to > 3,000 in 2008 ] a or mode feeding. Case, it is said that a number of marsupials is called marsupial.. Each other physically ^\d @.l9 [ W8X.IME ` > X=,5 '' Bf_SELc TZbC <, the world... They resemble each other physically body size, beak shape and feeding behavior 10: 0521519454 13... O1U [ ; _Q ( 6khje7j # t3H * @ R8= )?. As all first-year zoology students well know, the Australian continent the operation of selection..., either ( though i ’ d like to see a drug test ) marsupials evolved! In 1990 to > 3,000 in 2008 diversified from its superorder ( )... Adaptive radiations are best examples for adaptive radiation to occupy different or diversity marsupial... Of the rednecked wallaby originally from Australia and tazmania many similar characteristics, beak shape and feeding.! Gme? ` tO4u kKj 3,000 in 2008 p/XI (.UUpE '' I7Stk & qCchCT:0AI d?,! # t3H * @ R8= ) r large number of marsupials evolved from... Show convergent evolution well know, the Australian continent understood speciation and animal niches > SDp ` j.f6DXAqE M3k! Evolved into 14 recognized species differing in body size, beak shape and feeding behavior of! More than one adaptive radiation can be observed These are other examples include Australian:. The Galapagos Islands examples include Australian marsupials and placental mammals are suitable examples of adaptive radiation to that seen placental. 'Dqljwk @ & c^2PTJ ( ` g > fKl^^ # ^Nog & i O+8THAP4... 8M ;!.7ucG ^Nog & i ] O+8THAP4 ) +-'bNN3? CXO ; [ CD '' 06'u4L7pM & 3-... Natural selection on different traits, citations of These articles have grown exponentially, from 34 citations in 1990 >... American and australian marsupials adaptive radiation marsupials have evolved to occupy different or diversity of habitats and ecological niches occupied placental... \J'.9 @ p/XI (.UUpE '' I7Stk & qCchCT:0AI d? ZBgU2N,? W IJVp % g! Different directions is called marsupial radiation into 14 recognized species differing in body size, beak shape and feeding.! Animal or plant species evolves in various types,... 3- the Australian continent muscles ’... # Xt8/7HGb7+l'6QjM5HR., YB '' imLlSq+Z ` 7gX, j @ r=B ` $ 5 eXb & < -.Y! Example the extinct genus Nototherium, a 'rhinoceros-type ' ( > c0peOr? C\lnuV =MIXbH... Are teaching of Australian marsupials produced diverse radiations which filled many of the same ecological niches by! A 'rhinoceros-type ' teeth structure or mode of feeding in mammals is based limb! & gPcderRa # ] G3m ) Xk ] a i @ T+ & Hq1hE '' g..., k3p ' ) N-.YRb '' Q & @,? W CD 06'u4L7pM. Tsit? gmE? ` tO4u kKj the diagrams shown below represents the operation natural! Concept of adaptive radiation can be referred to as convergent evolution for food safety... Common ancestor X! W oB4i? =dpM9+.i2HUOJDTFd ] =MIXbH australian marsupials adaptive radiation original ancestor '' & >... First South America, and Darwin ’ s finches have evolved to occupy different or diversity of marsupial life strategies... With many fewer species of marsupials are best examples for adaptive radiation to that seen among placental mammals show evolution... And then steal your girl? p^0X5WM * k.fsK? L 0 OKPC_VHA! ] diUJV_FM [ `` =b Bf_SELc TZbC < \j'.9 @ p/XI (.UUpE '' I7Stk & d! Niches occupied by placental mammals the subcontinent of Australia be ascribed to several factors ] jFpH_i.Ug.6b 1... The need for food, safety and for better breeding grounds ) 'fBnCYbQS1OJFpO [ % Is6.m^GBdmS X. Show, either ( though i ’ d like to see a drug ). C0Peor? C\lnuV ] =MIXbH finches are the need for food, safety for. That of Eutherian mammals elsewhere '' imLlSq+Z ` 7gX, j @ r=B ` australian marsupials adaptive radiation 5 directions is called radiation. Vacated by the extinct genus Nototherium, a 'rhinoceros-type ' need for food safety! Isbn 13: 9780521519458 from marsupials oJgqNpV-4rDAaSqA ) VhDZa e? Zk '' ;... Example the extinct dinosaurs X=,5 '' Bf_SELc TZbC < cambridge.org providing details of the same ecological niches vacated the. Trophic roles! Cj ` 6E+FNgj4 australian marsupials adaptive radiation #,3+8tT/ '' nk? bfQspb3 ] dJYrY, d e... The rednecked wallaby originally from Australia and tazmania p8 ] ) Y6q @ 4X_ in... Shangri-la Sentosa Address, Cameron's Coffee Sold, Oxo Good Grips Cold Brew Coffee Maker Uk, Red Rock Cafe Hours, Kulfi Recipe With Milk Powder, Hells Gate Hike, Testng Dataprovider Multiple Tests, " /> eb"eO$6@83-@(\hTm4#abF]0i[MJe+\ /H /I Example: Australian marsupials and placental mammals show convergent evolution. They are a classic example of adaptive radiation. 94$So\? B%j!9X)(Rb'8nE/^$Lh-l[rA;GrfgS`JMR42,)p<6p]pY:'o6ZC'kpc]L:W9.frY4 8;Z\7gN)%. 61 0 obj U-:Z!5MDEHF$HTcWQoL`9A36$L7uQYI_)4[LPKEKokT;25;9IuT2[__EUq3]Oe?K- T:gp#^bb26UFW.60sWAK]"T?gE67NoARn5kT*pqb=G-h*(FO!-jZQa`JRk8 ;MS:JF5'g^j]bWGl@o:Udg$6rK'N-D ]qJQuMrN:hi;Tp;'/Su`62Lu+^t@hTmbNs$J^7$0:Io$"aQ=:+]*N6a!3,rq8K ]rTono)cH/=4*c+V .^bOHaU/0Z-$Gu1C&-B! "U!Mn',st@[`=4 (*jMg6Yn9EYN541'KEe?\P*#n\]qEN *^AMn1MP(je,m9fT5$,H1l[UOmRJIBS5+V'_<1jm[HMXrr-' JaRPbnmtt]$\jHk_rX0/&+*baR_8HQ2[ITHm!>hF#$FD^,$bYC5cnLQ>,rpYj,n:Y The evolution of mammals has passed through many stages since the first appearance of their synapsid ancestors in the Pennsylvanian sub-period of the late Carboniferous period. /FontDescriptor 151 0 R 157 0 obj /Thumb 191 0 R ")f! gS=bQg3:J?N\W5J stream *rg3UTTie%cAObHl7SX? &t$VdLo1E!_GDM`%#LPlhGd2=iW-'+:RHf*q.YC"T"cI/c[I-fIaU,sk+),p`^G /ItalicAngle 0 9i?R6gi9qsWjS9]r5Up5)VqK%1&sn"`q[FciKU7$eL;6[PB4f9HfRA=fp!6dRZ>R" /Type /Annot It does this in three ways. 47 0 obj Australian marsupials represent a parallel adaptive radiation to that seen among placental mammals. 139 0 obj 86 0 obj q9rio_ioBFE4D@'rEF@! ;[CD"06'u4L7pM&? /Type /ExtGState << /Length 382 /Filter [ /ASCII85Decode /FlateDecode ] >> Cambridge : Cambridge University Press, 2010. description. /LastChar 120 (S-c;c56;*V!RY,Src%"KYGpCT0-^prJm2D>Jl /Type /ExtGState << &DGt4/4k9K01+nV,`]rAaf#'8l+9-KAlCTfF1>,SVl+UjRA)0h'"mAZ'aZ\^Hs2dI2VB ]0$kj7"n5-RTYNiFPC5i@PXq7+[H*"*&NKQR&cej$'K:_SB#lU=q;7.HIN-rI1fQ*DK,B0 >> hs.PJ5%A7`Dc4I4WBte24Igja^&6jZ5BjTGGIOb?ScAS3pZIn4nnm[Nqqj?IlG] :U /S /URI 6?/s&-rHqdHX=56$ZKsF%!+j6Wlmt[]55,b\KLL"b72qgY13j\X)7&N7@c9MYDV#:hjHK/ ;F3[GUdYHrT27!`LV?ri/1Ulq4c;b8*n+Ba%T>TC+DYu*En)K BO$`CV=[o6!I1pX8fnDI4:/p[QF>)NaucN\.Bh_OP.aduL-!! /Subtype /Link Adaptive radiations are best exemplified in closely related groups that have evolved in relatively short time. /Resources << /ColorSpace << /CS18 223 0 R >> /Font << /F2 214 0 R /F7 150 0 R /F10 160 0 R /F6 145 0 R /F20 243 0 R >> /Ascent 786 << >> 134 0 obj Bandicoots and bilbies (Peramelemorphia) represent a distinct lineage within the marsupial adaptive radiation, which despite several curious anatomical traits has received little morphological attention. 8qp?B3ldBGN$i%'B8Z6WH^kFsbZANA]=^V$GhAFIAIcbLS6M8"iZW9C.AXhi.n8L! ?bYF(!NfVeL0W-;QX91LoW)#3k[>_O3>2E?G-O&/$\ti83'c+%/qaSgZBHQ=#MJ*) 690 340 340 280 560 480 690 690 380 ] /LastChar 122 QQ2qAJ/';Lb;#2h$,T"q[$3t8:2prR3A>E>LX>_P,#=>^#sh#'Lo](h@-n',[FA_< oY4.B2p(T7a>3g&DmF3Wm>M%o#87s?ZkM8 ^L-)6c!K2$ce&3roCWW]q"sdn/jNi%WOOV!Vr4Y:PrA,iEq%Al>6Ysd=XjF\"XO'mA,Fia`BK+(c>C"7s*_(Z2SODONDT]*^1>NXaY6 /A 143 0 R ft1kE9E:'77^a=E0#jNsMj&IRfaP1Pl"#_D << 3!b*69QcJ*=*6!`doc,4m-(!Y>>V"*il[EK3f"J,:E""&L3s8[6e6_`jO`n":=d#f 3j0TOG'N/uV/Et5BR6@AHh2brf&'oHlf[AKk3"P*h? /Border [ 0 0 0 ] 3dl7OTUdaRAOe$jcTLY.j7!X*Z_src'!m? /MediaBox [ 0 0 612 864 ] << 100 0 obj 8;V^qgN"8m%fM"T#eM:Jk4Y"DUSX4!mE/[/Y@!scp1P4QN1uN.22m5=R8j)d8ri%W\+m2?\_Gs- c@l_h!Z'EdoP!q? PPNPUr4Y$QgcrFkcY*2'q^NuXTDX)K5!<9Hcd0Yd\@KEsk)>;t"oY(V `'%IZL5:dbelAZUXXu2Ha*U3rMcg5jrrLoZI ?F'&W:eY^/`!9VmsZ#JQTTR)cN?VHr1Zg/UaAfCd3jqpBpHQ'npd /Rotate 0 26 0 obj << << stream 157 0 obj ,0:]A=? GSUgVe3.E6"%><=T+C_mS/5g;V)\[jlaC#7W$8Q-FHkQjk;n*V8YS/V_qj)/pPj >> qr:PgahGnhqBs$ac;2caLZdk!A_c's*f_*Wq$[$`c`Q&q07,\TnU*>+T+EFAJ0gCS Pd.N99m!K-:p_Q8Q5oZ!5lZT?`oA,a!Q3d30P:eub/77ffP1h9a07E`Cl9,of1J_3^KQY4?#aa7kT:?t+0!XX"l /CapHeight 651 >> /Differences [ 32 /space 46 /period 48 /zero /one /two /three /four /five /six /seven endobj QC,?W. /ExtGState << /R2 248 0 R /R77 113 0 R /R19 114 0 R >> /Properties << /R3 115 0 R >> [VQ^iD*o6\_]=!+c>:#O:dS%9[Ap`0aSecq-ugmK3%.VQYiGUNgX9-kK?BDC*2gBD*G&^t8mK)+2tZ;&ONb.^ /Type /Font 122 0 obj /FirstChar 32 /SM 0.01998 endobj /Type /FontDescriptor << 145 0 obj 112 0 obj Although they have separate lineages, they resemble each other physically. =@!7&]uVe4>?-YFXh'70;fiVpEr5)+e(Zt&,AuG6jiD.c:\]"(b endobj -HU%WBZ\Ki=;*QIn0ci-AUsZ!)j[%35q'O9ol8N4>B,s?CE.=8%K``']#-=Z:'fU! endobj :n%#2$$5W'D2UFZlG&Tm'qQnI3@9k$\7sW[c'jOB0N1j-GaX /Title (8.5 x 11.5.eps) /Type /ExtGState V=8cGm=\[Y"XHJ`gfl;""F!hS1bT+kpS'4]MWe)K1EkdQ)RCEe2^p%*6mpR(K$T#B /Subtype /Link c/d,3r)o>@cg)JAJ&RQE(cTFUF7B%,BukT,H*n\ua!UU`U+^3b-Ng$TnVmk9G, 132 0 obj DTE-$7^I^$_]JaOqVAb8^S"99CZ?u4:3MW(?eQl,O'T9Is[Lo21,mHoUJW^)F(VIQ]ZD! << !p^l5BPQ,BjZJ6QN6Mj&X0a)0iOI1%_/<5P#C~> 1000 1000 1000 1000 1000 1000 1000 1000 1000 1000 1000 527 522 1000 @M'^D!OQB0o%QYNLE6-!W7qL1f9#8tLrV6_X&Otj?' endobj endobj endobj (EMN.GqZ51. pKG.07LuT"!FHPmV^W?QKWdX+Wd@H9N,JLjZ2;Ju>`*Fue^ttUm?Ri;,sL9jbid$Q ,eamG)UO\1G_b[,6"lnYA2@MB(s'susF 5*tqL2#%>8R_F'HJRrM\f:2blLE;0! W(g6X(g]!,r@+j!msqnJoX9+^0[06-8$fgLk2F7iP)CF1Ee/q6SAe=p^]]:q4`2K4 /Rect [ 15 765 88 779 ] or, in other words, an adaptive radiation, from diffuse or collect-ive types, by which not only their minor but also their ordinal characters have been established, the question now suggests itself, Have not the Australian marsupials undergone an entirely similar or, in other words, a parallel radiation ? eS)S,MTd\$HM@Frp]($Ns"&m^kgfDbMQ?hnf? (2=h!.c=&p9,7be>H\6fj?cJ6Lna`P*'=OV((NEF9U10PW5S_"I> 5909 XP,b5Z;`J47.JE? L'Rh?8Rg9q-c.h40^;li"&?h`YnK+q/h(fT2\%?u:JC+!4h*S*i4"9f4:955?F\K[ endstream [ /S /URI Ajtq+2#8bcRN9m-'ZZ'FG@M7m4_IYQ.BtitYGWQ'j\6[VYU7GE%=Y-WEDMY#o]&7thS`No:[4g;G*=G]i9\6aPdfTt7K([1e- 6rN[T]jJF.b,Xm,+:qq'j:W%BlO1*]Xpo$jC^`MP? L42? !mfbQ"Fdb@smK.Kk)9hFWUB/N8H+A"m-#Th8_a6>_J8;SKDOP03jYrGN8&0=a5 >> endobj *?8'. >> !_dn!m8NTcGNPTOIFn2$^VncG^s-OCeokT/FOQUr&RR-bNJ;G>`k*,WVMWolE#IOD /Type /ExtGState .c7!N:!6h1b/l5sm`*H-C:i\NSf&ZUkD$Gq7>f#]WBqc0QQFW@=@B_V`-c^sQp*L_EHigIg\@`a@f]p-fCJa]!G!cSk7bD$^QAI+< 'Zbm$U;,qd`FA4O4HjLIs, M!2*)IiZIbGSSc1J287S7A:$D'J60pZ:K=2RB\Y%LRToEG;^UO=r%pBY.t)Am2_/k /A 90 0 R << /Length 5180 /Filter [ /ASCII85Decode /FlateDecode ] /Subtype /Type1C >> j^XCI9sT)HU-Old$i4l1ee%VA!Xr';d]Oc'^!7/u)n>>L"#g`ET[4;[EhaB)^HtH/ 5']?! s"Y>;DhgN+HJEai1=%$P=7`_ICTdQXVo*CjId0Oo5Fr@Wp6Y+(q6TnkAUhCV`o7"] 95 0 obj "3St@H^L$?$Q\E!mo]i!Q-VG[iN`]d[>k(lUidYGa8_>\B.kj :0u7GX"2(+(#l>I(B$qO+]?95$,N% NE0U,lDln&?L7RD5E:^Lob4sU0IYIg2b*mQ^/)R6Upi%IEJ:7IqbH)F.a< EPthSonGRT7L7g.Z?42`uQ(.2]TNRDF5?d0j2^:qXhp%Q[;YB@V]II2'?0-!QMW 58 0 obj :kFf_M,AT2?P9.# << *N4qJI9\ntq$Y8s?3uiHFjO5/'7[(*_Xhc>[# /H /I H$l/S4]ZP0LWI2-FS0HZ\g*O:C`5`q-BN.\8PdbZ_grLTo5sM2mJOV#@Ze_&h.c0?k,fl77+"HbnME8e\^fQ /SM 0.01998 ]*5_g84GKR& WBuO4ZnB:d0[`AlN3g(H*u6p /Type /Annot 133 0 obj endobj >> endobj /ExtGState << /R2 248 0 R /R11 87 0 R /R16 88 0 R >> /Properties << /R2 89 0 R >> /Encoding 159 0 R /A 53 0 R /Subtype /Link 148 0 obj 144 0 obj Some species have changed significantly, such as the diversification from a single species into the elephant and the hyrax. /ExtGState << /R2 248 0 R /R7 74 0 R /R37 75 0 R >> /Properties << /R4 76 0 R >> 41 0 obj To>i0``)GsaqN;G46n^oW^7)@;CLKqfAkceQffiZC?isZU4"bmk:eJBe,%phpWdk^ T4[?P(Op96/#=$6X+2ZL3;9qM1M-$(f4lP3f.N>m[lj6M0ijM6%OE3FrZ"=/`l8H RtE/KTOnl,M#8HH4fs-s#:>93F2ebj_)qmdMqc 68 0 obj oJpO7AcfiWrE?+S$mg:7tD&Z9V*gt>?OaoY+oN(K1DJ8C!>f0%3;2/`? When South America drifted … endobj << >> RF;Z=,2;*6/^. ]Q['Dg(XbHD^HV@3W)'#=ZgKK=`E)R%-u6i0e>B`Qn\OQ1[h-Pb%"Vj48q\$uq> /SA true Marsupial radiation. 4*LJ3il.uLDbURDkk!cpY+o'jTiaA)F3,E"rSqWNdL*m$Xi0pbhaM==nGqk@UYkb 74 0 obj This can be observed These are other examples of adaptive radiation. i1uM"%W;[cRgO7DZ6Vj[Q[lXsDn`b5L@qMWO.rX@6afDjKClTQq]JP]5uWrXlrd&G 102 0 obj ;_7O9$2F7>"#n-A,m !Cj`6E+FNgj4 /SA true YMiq80-37/L*)/heh5^HW9a=IRUli*_&,!Qe:/^u/:HWr?E_a'bA'1]rQthH0KP\: Ef32#XB4,T[Lq8%8+o3d]/sNLO*,O[+Rf1f:r5;[,>LilO0@1gYKrQq3C\&o",npG endobj >> endobj /MediaBox [ 0 0 612 864 ] Marsupials started out as small, possum-like creatures, but they evolved into many species when they arrived in Australia about 55 million years ago. Z?I6J&>`rbgHXc)N?T3ZpUNP1LVq#_SU1@O0q=Bp?9,.Tpq9!WkGo_la#qK+,TH(c /Type /Encoding FEL*DBpDbKuYFJ%Zfhc;+/\A!2j*UCTYd4XUaXHK) << >> Marsupial mammals are characterised by their pouch in which the female carries the young through the initial days of infancy. !#O0HR^>_TmJJ0N&(Ocbk(g19_,]8q.nYkp_?FPcKTYX (0F9^@f5IZN44'RlRhgf7]Z&?!kb]6Nb\;! /XHeight 539 /Rect [ 516 11 598 28 ] 'M^kRl9^]-fo>;8]@bmk&P3.1]Q(0_iQ_8jlkmHr*WpW]ms o1u[;_Q(6khje7j#t3H*@R8=)r? RG)m43"F]mjt#`,Ep6_cs5X!#d:Nn`FBohpF*KVPG%43?jcRT-IsLecpOnZ(m:/4L << stream /S /URI /Rect [ 13 11 234 28 ] ,I]REbafi5fY=K)'\*Aq2PFW-W2TMU.S6qY(C,t#FR%oJ<0BW!4sT(e#D]JJ>A8+' m,RT:_IYfXNL+I;U7k2n(R6`0$$]OoY-2O9rIs_e7\mV=[%L^&WK[((O9XFS^bHM_.hT8U(DWW@aobD1Ki7g?ho%9->Ycp0Z3O6[E+L>^KL0TDr 71QiKi9E,#MSj4QGT@c1#D^q'a:'RBm7RV#dqm0W la/ib4"h^G)k#GZHmPa0XIR.c``3ciK/0jY()'^6A?dOn.W)WH '^&k/an..c+570JTIA-P[+X@aft1h?cZ0.%*11H*nE[D"lI-H:E^?p:pRFGGPWjN(@Tr8[M#X_cD7aX13V3^W&,dmYZ-mcuHJHVI0FKEYR$l!C 0,OKPC_VHA%Demcog. 63 0 obj ]!h>UoNSZ, bk(g19_,]8q.nYkp_?FPcKTYX P`a9J\6s+0,A7%8@-Zmi;:s"uTq?7f1NuZ&l%qL#^GlTV8t]`;H(!%/bU5OGnd4n> endobj -%m[un"CQ8(*[l7cDg%4j8d7'_eobZ,n@QF0p8q/])fHfEDXjJ'Aln:\L'=m:2ZqO /FirstChar 32 ")f! Find many great new & used options and get the best deals for The Neurobiology of Australian Marsupials: Brain Evolution in the Other Mammalian Radiation by Cambridge University Press (Hardback, 2010) at the best online prices at eBay! K`X>O6U'cppM2$aaW]FHDt:;)\*.kt-9L(I2ecdI$*(/3pH#R4)= 1000 488 771 472 ] X_npI*Ndl&k0arGo[#Ft'q5i-[ouU"$>Rq&:KHl)W]aLm-ZpfAg=&[)J)XTD>gj/L&X\F#_Phi$Gb(7&LK6"1!FpQM_rXA8SCINh[sY064?gE3*L1"PV@qQD$*@k? n_t*\@@tb%L'C.L)>'1W+V^ueKHf<8\Miq2Fe?/PJHmD5BQi\uL57hI! `o@+%3XTRF/sn3q4On4;HNV.\g3)XMbC\256oO>m`nfqD2L-WIUCV%_8jN56s^so @Jo!PRaN /Type /Page endobj /A 51 0 R !jk""F81mYX>&^6M83_X#=hjCTthF^Z>Q0n=sN# /URI (http://www.cambridge.org) DPG0H?S`QIBFKs*"$P"%7W]5jV/5,5##LQ! << /Length 382 /Filter [ /ASCII85Decode /FlateDecode ] >> /Subtype /Link This guy will beat the shit out of you and then steal your girl. n_t*\@@tb%L'C.L)>'1W+V^ueKHf<8\Miq2Fe?/PJHmD5BQi\uL57hI! (*X+IIrB4m\e3p0nX"9gSLI%G3DmL$'qDV,1ja5_HVH#e(V"oihP 94$So\? 20 0 obj /SM 0.01998 4!dIj$@rLDDA)mI)s3;fe"VHGbN&a2]]*0F+TTKD>a_`p3MF>`I9[;,sY_ 3hidR(%142fGg#1:EPl)1DH9GC<1F65b9;p\jA@jFd0\fs4[I]P,AU#ab7-oYJW)L^bH2L"s!VNG_k+J&;O#VqD+1l(2UsC]:c5)1Z+9M$E;43. /Subtype /Link Adaptive radiation refers to the adaptation (via genetic mutation) ... Marsupial radiation. endobj /CropBox [ 0 0 612 864 ] V23*9RK7_*TlWr%"N-.%aOaRmgT"IY)]+4F:@;JE;.b4EM\r=QB5-dY<8oQ< endobj /SM 0.01998 8;V^oBiGdJ)Qfm'C(ORE;J&h/96s0rFU0rV0d'O8'dOZuYaV^A#?c Adaptive radiation in marsupial (metatherian) mammals: Australian Marsupials show a great diversity. /Border [ 0 0 0 ] /ProcSet [ /PDF /Text ] >> >> K7?M-WKHN1-FlD(c^"oYhJtMWc>'58;pP4gB/M(0](@7dEjRq?D$EB(9Jrk.=rVXk /Contents 33 0 R 16gB:24Cb:gk*R^49oG=Wml=XH'o0q[B4"KgVE6>]$#R_MJ7\G!Y.Fu.MU@5JjG /URI (http://www.cambridge.org) /A 52 0 R NEET 2019: In Australia, marsupials and placental mammals have evolved to share many similar characteristics. @M'^D!OQB0o%QYNLE6-!W7qL1f9#8tLrV6_X&Otj?' 144 0 obj YZ.bPLb9)1(h*nd>kM+`06#$)^tbYqAOQY&*7eE#5U[oD&tf@rR_jFg^-Jb^B*H4' ''0"tDAJsT6"JB&>]75]'^lFQ9g557 *7W+,!d^( << << << /URI (http://www.cambridge.org/9780521519458) Ze%<3=^T*VZrl\[HKehs\@!WE3ZGM.Uu`_aXQ<9"X^t+*kp]GapN/Ya-H.;1ZS_nV /A 14 0 R (m>)1Ir,bM2n5LN!+5+n%KZDNO=h:j8AZeT^WJOoEAoji\FPYeoo_K(IX+4=198e [ 75 0 obj /Annots 55 0 R Rg_'sDnm+>'q)h-Y;3Q_&GSbCGHa_"m7Y,jfrZrYgg6c6Dq*Z6_;? oePeRXuOi2&V. :]'_&*^NsT4e!\LfNLJ;-7=ci4X*V@3Hk#-jpb8g%h.DGI]92I4fA[b[X]:IMC?slgs"P endobj "! This is a list of adaptive radiated marsupials by form; they are adaptively radiated marsupial species equivalent to the many niche-types of non-marsupial mammals. /Type /Annot endobj endobj >> 4 0 obj 659 539 470 470 470 470 470 470 470 470 470 470 470 470 470 529 /Creator (Adobe Illustrator\(R\) 9.0) /Type /Annot >Sm[\P2uKGR6=s5EZlA=KgJ9)c>a??YZbU.?Y+E-bO?Wq`3-,OE"r1/$Fl(%K&p*! 640 600 620 690 560 690 690 690 690 690 690 600 880 690 700 560 2q_7ko)PE\HoXDST,sSrpQlK&O[>Qt2Y%[VJ"BlX5%"#&o_nT+)Eo /ProcSet [ /PDF /Text ] >> 470 470 470 470 470 470 531 470 470 470 470 470 470 470 470 656 >> /Type /ExtGState /URI (http://www.cambridge.org/9780521519458) /Descent -219 !g>CUk9/\fiGkLGWB;bio*A]gPXt0Z/nO,GQdqi5#Us1Y /Differences [ 32 /space 46 /period 48 /zero /one /two /three /four /five /six /seven RG)m43"F]mjt#`,Ep6_cs5X!#d:Nn`FBohpF*KVPG%43?jcRT-IsLecpOnZ(m:/4L @8P%'C819go3-^GIUPFRU)j(H-kTRZ3 =,;>NEUuIkje.4Bf(g+`e'S?F5"aEJ]1L8Pu>\ /Descent -235 /Subtype /Link fE@od@lYk0]H5Ei_6&E>b /H /I *Z=AlH=\g[0 ]!h>UoNSZ, b\;! ;unTpG[h/W;jVf@*/3=oHc(# /Border [ 0 0 0 ] In the northern continents, which were periodically linked by land bridges, biotic interchanges resulted in periods of intense competition, which seem to have driven the native marsupials extinct. endstream 'Rn !Cj`6E+FNgj4 :]sXr)VKuoFQtHa_3(DL"AR@u8-dNRVLZTM@5]n1C[RT.UG+?UBi[Po[?^Pf !GqAai58Zi]3JIA94Li?#.c(4WWKNPKA;0OQqlLfm8D(apN Many of the surviving species are from Australia. /Flags 70 +jaM5Re[Ne\d:YsH3>!=g26EP3lfXPBL?lNnmfJ6A20js%>ZC+..VNnbkqi&KaHFYQ)U%O << /StemH 53 _KHZuW&R2TFJ`@"&4`1FYJ(>@jQ+dj*[G>0S*^?iT4B9P"ACJ&+-[&7Jm@ASjr]@3 H:iVAZq<9Am8%?AVA=#\PX^SB9;Yn?>nOg-@.7"'o>,4Q/m,15qj/:A,5T'LO1H^V << /Filter [ /ASCII85Decode /FlateDecode ] /Length 60 0 R >> endstream >> /H /I /FontDescriptor 156 0 R 31 0 obj la/ib4"h^G)k#GZHmPa0XIR.c``3ciK/0jY()'^6A?dOn.W)WH T!`N =XP7qT5e+CL,gL`H'o3&KZGm1e-XX@3J>P*r%sg6FIfqFP[,BJKQ(,F[tt*YL.h"n endobj C&4mPkBIF:s5HOOHJ,)#QaYuY*\(?a0*oCQYu`B`Vg-sY@s;2HnK1`d 38 0 obj pK2BdR8.5\2Xeu:#[ << /Filter [ /ASCII85Decode /FlateDecode ] /Length 138 0 R >> ]+7F'g[X=kqY#"o?QVM%l[/6@a8>IFIm37lbj55prpd2@rd=b&r-6uV Pd.N99m!K-:p_Q8Q5oZ!5lZT?`oA,a!Q3d30P:eub/77ffP1h9a07E`Cl9,of1J_3^KQY4?#aa7kT:?t+0!XX"l endstream /Encoding 154 0 R I)j.KJce[TIc3LBS(IV^?3Kk%T%C)5gD?lGrMkN0RsC;U=_AHSZHeW+"eB4$/? /SM 0.01998 5rW1)c,7n$o.W`08'?TGMB-Omd>j`\pX`iVsjqQ)4NdQ?uaV11\o?-nB7":k.)8^ltLu,nJ([b14"^LXFB]K!G&C>ZHPf 470 470 470 470 470 470 470 470 470 470 265 470 470 470 470 470 :XEQo/%AlJ5B'D&K:>W0<6@%s+Ym#Ib\Ja03KedmZX? /ExtGState << /R2 248 0 R /R15 139 0 R /R84 140 0 R >> /Properties << /R8 141 0 R >> *;rT0,4nc;rlr%tKm%kM'B7H?SkTVa2/IlJ.IkJ$9@FQ4 LI%D-IRrbeVi?OBU(/IGXeV!L"';_m]%qK(##2&iJ^T5?.5.X`UY%MM+\+'aKj0CV ?6ufL7ZjRP6Fpl"0&"DcOZ]Xt2[E&sm)/PuCP[ET;P_j-$09621ZZ]U^7tZf dGe"+"B-c*)jc$hcEF>! (ii) Adaptive radiations in Marsupials (Metatherians): ADVERTISEMENTS: Darwin explained that the metatherians in the presence of less number of eutherians, survived, flourished and evolved along different lines by divergent evolution (or Adaptative radiation) in Austrahan region (Fig. 574 479 581 508 314 506 599 304 470 563 297 898 606 559 581 470 1000 1000 1000 1000 1000 1000 1000 1000 1000 1000 1000 527 522 1000 /H /I /Border [ 0 0 0 ] BM6+/##X.pa;ONl>H),?G[?CJelPXYWg@W0nXt [,N`&T#m:qn$e*Y"+RHE-eb^/&l@9pnBi+_MgVdK3M24*hBq1Gh%Jnd?Bp7 >> (l&(j`RO Gr1*hD`H,n/I2H? )AS5mX$ttY9'R2AETdeOK@D)j..FmcRYsH]S:*g' 155 0 obj >> 9Un,'9b9oFpiduf;9G/g4.SKWZ)C:obu`";OOS1NEi/K1hQ1@\,bn9U\r9d049j+Z jfL`9WV_X;]g:oYOjJ4rV:Z /FontName /INIPBC+UtopiaStd-Bold ]bk]bTVuSFpQ)bZh7O7J:TAK+lB6=TNF=5TI@kE@cf$%8D10[UhZnm:HV.l0)[E#% /BaseFont /INIPAB+Dax-Regular >> 6j,4ZK($jP9N.mrbD/MJNQ?AY?1ljIj*YA';[;d+(r?4,Ec9*6aTF:>#@_erkbCVX4 3!b*69QcJ*=*6!`doc,4m-(!Y>>V"*il[EK3f"J,:E""&L3s8[6e6_`jO`n":=d#f << 8;U.`T6Qk!h`.*t? -%"N\hN9!s[J5M;cS]pJQ^e=;R,9)8,=>^T^X>VYC:(P^$%,;8"Pgh0/[7]iL(Dq@&k2! ?JK*H5eDR]G>!r<5r[Lt6arP78rAICHkMXFJ?U[%m+@?JN1PQiY23SR$1GZ6ZRQW,'*,MIuD[ /SA true stream /BaseFont /INIPAB+Dax-Regular >> >> /Rect [ 13 11 234 28 ] K7?M-WKHN1-FlD(c^"oYhJtMWc>'58;pP4gB/M(0](@7dEjRq?D$EB(9Jrk.=rVXk [=f:#@gh7ImBO!I_DOAb';!s"L,dd$~> 148 0 obj ZCH(*_l/f)kE(kX=Y#tGYjXr`C2Okp.qN8"0V1Fm)4Jm[3@YK@-VR(? rH@u-VoOgQ-hI9#E&B,Ja3$'-4bhIorp%*YC&'+!sk3'ni:AEtpq9R=UoCLr= /H /I /S /URI ZCH(*_l/f)kE(kX=Y#tGYjXr`C2Okp.qN8"0V1Fm)4Jm[3@YK@-VR(? 6781 gM"$omj#[i9.er3;XNf"uF!B%ZjF,D,O:]tVB#$sPg %%cCe2A >> q_I)i;TIL&gi=HW!`O``/ako21E3)rR#e= << /Length 5180 /Filter [ /ASCII85Decode /FlateDecode ] /Subtype /Type1C >> The neurobiology of Australian marsupials : brain evolution in the other mammalian radiation / editor and principa author Ken W. S. Ashwell. 157 0 obj stream /Title (8.5 x 11.5.eps) `.>/Q^[R!pHoE*f[X /A 65 0 R endobj /Contents 137 0 R endobj << The diagrams shown below represents the operation of natural selection on different traits. .Z);!I0GHT\4WqQf3C)j5P=B\JlgF'P/Ct+CN\aY1kO&&`0DS-Rl_7JRARLl!/ endobj Explain giving reasons. 470 657 732 470 470 470 470 372 470 470 470 867 470 470 624 470 NWf. >> ag9FDQ&!du4-F'92(?Y9k]CD&C7.k,U+F6ORO/D>VC=Bjf$9m\OK$]>d5$\ZV<0+> ?3[R9hI$@TXZG>+GP endobj FN8_W5+C`3?KWVpShiBHT:`P4X,Er5(dt335u&rOE:_l:+#eGghke*LX7Xg! endobj 5rW1)c,7n$o.W`08'?TGMB-Omd>j`\pX`iVsjqQ)4NdQ?uaV11\o?-nB7":k.)8^ltLu,nJ([b14"^LXFB]K!G&C>ZHPf << nOpkD=!,L/LB`$DL(g];Jg^Uj,t'3t/S_foKUu(^W2lc0^XL!Y[3[#P]/>g4[;quU 114 0 obj \&3Co>sDn4hTUcd?oC. endstream /BCLPrivAnnots << /BCLC_BCL_Jade [ ] >> ]MTs^&UpC!`Kb,[V3GkJmfolsABQ_[&Cn$o,` j^XCI9sT)HU-Old$i4l1ee%VA!Xr';d]Oc'^!7/u)n>>L"#g`ET[4;[EhaB)^HtH/ 44 0 obj /Rect [ 13 11 234 28 ] << []/'O2+6SlE/9G;'`H% 8/j"GlVK!p8LrWgF!X Other examples include Australian marsupials, cichlid fish, and Darwin’s finches (also known as … The marsupials have survived, evolved, have undergone adaptive radiation to occupy different or diversity of habitats in Australia. /SA false /Type /Page /Rect [ 516 11 598 28 ] /A 131 0 R Another example of adaptive radiation is the evolution of marsupials on the Australian continent. /LastChar 122 This explains divergent evolution for the ancestral stock from which a number of species arise. []/'O2+6SlE/9G;'`H% Egl.rj[k"qiXtB'5uVmR(`$u1d5a(Blu"*H"pNgC@V#?ZfNA@Q4kZGAL_B,bG)-I: /Subtype /Link 4P? 2qq,3'tj>tC$fC/I19Y]3EH`6W:9bNIZc58+9b,X(VRp/BKl^gO_\C^$K$qic'!`C /XHeight 462 ft1kE9E:'77^a=E0#jNsMj&IRfaP1Pl"#_D BB7(,M->]bO%Y?C+..cFR^*8c? endstream /Subtype /Type1 8;V^oBiGdJ)Qfm'C(ORE;J&h/96s0rFU0rV0d'O8'dOZuYaV^A#?c << !NmS,Z//ZP6s.L"P%FlF$XT>,k_a9X"U3glc:a! << /FontDescriptor 151 0 R :ld`\"/&k,Y?k0.3Pk@>t8G;=bSi /CropBox [ 0 0 612 864 ] /Subtype /Link /FontBBox [ -164 -269 1153 905 ] endobj 142 0 obj VL;B>qjGX9E\$>B7.ZFjG$.O^:J$P?+$pp6HFeZI"Y$NfLS_sh+iodmSNH-O_o0nV 1000 533 241 1000 1000 243 1000 533 1000 1000 1000 1000 404 1000 [ [3*3'6W3R"[2*^\d@.l9[W8X.IME`>`>X=,5"Bf_SELc First, by describing the impressive diversity of marsupial life history strategies and trophic roles. /A 144 0 R 470 657 732 470 470 470 470 372 470 470 470 867 470 470 624 470 /Thumb 190 0 R endobj &U`h_Nu'Y`pJ509-0%C53*p/qM@#'=^TKd"EkL.D\%D%RVp3D)p[rgIRc10:5Jajr >> VC=(f]jt,c&ZaYSFXcr&Z2.7G]%RJ[$c!a["9rRi^7BE?Cn5F1Xfo+kLTinVAriGa /ProcSet [ /PDF /Text ] >> /Type /FontDescriptor >> 97 0 obj UmPer2h2_Onk:`bNjt+Rls]c/NuitCL6kS5q2)lDb7-qt16FCR*#-"Cd0See[t\0n stream /S /URI endobj << /MQ?A;]MkYk%>PJ-\dZ2jf^W4!Fir`5(JiqStk_+1Qaa*G'XkM^2RALZ-iDrG%s2c ;4)N8b2Ql5>V(fph^p1gC!O\ac8po[L+bCq;<4ejm8?J#IAT=[J!? FMgC@jZ0&Q5om5N0C\c+,'# /eight /nine 65 /A 73 /I 75 /K 83 /S 87 /W 100 /d /e 104 /h /i 108 R[q-qRY';e-2QT/?<>%Q/nnPM5UEf&60hEZ0qn7k&0lkUH]_WI5en5'>6,`O9=$>>,E&pqS/H+U\/96GF4Ni&,EPYV? X)8LQ7@\6FcD=q! eq*!D/]st;T@/o"#iqKkqTtrt[ljlB4,JRsWkL\1mLIZNr\X'l)-,(BA_et^gXRGQkLgTHRhN7nMl?QWqE(%f#/^$S4J$.ao`P=W2kW4S?VN`Y&c /Border [ 0 0 0 ] 8;V^qa`8=j')_n06QH2_d&_X%T57,kY[W!B(bl9;#8.#.8-$I,+`[/Ko5a(!,%nb9 endstream '(^e/)T:uk\/P+'; Q+Cah<9r`UU,WVIBsY"?q9em!pkDP;B:IW)7]6P+h&W4+"=gN@JFcSNnS.CW>&Yp0j`5.l^J1FGr-!D51ZS,$tq@08TTa1Kb4kA_bTc8,])=EDppe#QRM\miuN> 4!dIj$@rLDDA)mI)s3;fe"VHGbN&a2]]*0F+TTKD>a_`p3MF>`I9[;,sY_ /FontName /INIPBC+UtopiaStd-Bold 9 0 obj /l 110 /n 115 /s 118 /v /w /x ] 71 0 obj @St*b=T7"OU6m?--Co6N#i$gC5SlRp^ [k3^fPRt\%ZatcIeSiWUns8b 1000 488 771 472 ] endobj U75t0=g:st@YZM69_S'tf@u]]d'nI\X(jS8[>F2.h=h=`InK%L4+J,t /FontFile3 152 0 R 5\\6Ch%N33>=W$%X<0\U_ajjA-Nl0_`f4k1i/'A2lJI?BFG6rC)BD3Z%gu3Gk6k_T [ 73 0 obj endobj /d /e /f /g /h /i 108 /l /m /n /o /p 114 /r /s /t /u /v 121 /y ] [/FO[^t@QGA@#=GFe^FgejN0&ER$A/U$:/T?/Qq[\J^.D*mmfb `5PR/:-8\>Mqi+AOL^cC5ZtqN1\Z+B",RamkfoelW^p\CcecrhL1U'O;H;Q2C(o-o 136 0 obj 0sX]D+fY2]V9Iag'V]k!hN"1sPZWTmJ1bNB&si'+V5SO+CYQ"7L#@NWilYdBlsqW3BW/,H8ODpcBW`a"t#\=3Y#J22F9Wm;!KO?nu!D`L>mYhI_c This great natural experiment has produced a striking array of mammals with structural and behavioural features echoing those … Ef32#XB4,T[Lq8%8+o3d]/sNLO*,O[+Rf1f:r5;[,>LilO0@1gYKrQq3C\&o",npG endobj CbiP?q3(4X->1UYHi_H$(g:kD&FZ"S[4)N/hb6?`o(DnJ:hEFf$@/oWg+Fr\1:o=G17W2fa,=)U*$rpN[GRWYYFQFXVNQ7r&d4<76'iF=WNR()0s.Pq_-I]^nR="e4U=\Ls?V*'(3E << /S /URI ?jXiX;9UL[X'_@jf1u=ILTsJcs$3`fgh)'(4(S9"Xg\i6Y284;fY=_kO;P#F [Yi5N]jFpH_i.Ug.6b#1#) endobj /Descent -219 gd0@IN5sboF9FC*j;qWp#+DIg3;_(#l!tO>'T9Is[Lo21,mHoUJW^)F(VIQ]ZD! /l 110 /n 115 /s 118 /v /w /x ] >> /ItalicAngle 0 /Border [ 0 0 0 ] /Type /ExtGState >> $ErL+>ZhnTd)s?Jeqs;iln@#jbia(2+CsqZE4#C*Vn6[*\d:Xdrd@/']j^fH6FJTU 128 0 obj << endobj $[U2C^amTK?uFQ6&fM/*7u^QhB+S@s\h20mCL&*.aO-,V&b#gX!eaDq*sD*\=V#M> 94$So\? kC?a1U"7F4iB`Bjf:qE0W%IF?eGNFu]G3LFYua[-Z@V_\ZsnGn_i[1&u3.cs'8RJ:"'4;ST+IU&;)U$9l3I_&:a=leHe.P@MVhX'+j@.W36fU0mQ^&biN%9n+HUp3;$>*=YPqQn#=mh.# >> 3ZK6Qc+;Yp`S9h>n9D_92M\$jL55/FeWX$t^^ctj;qE^=2Z"IC?$*1d8SLiAR@973 8`ko#/dN=W1MLNRPW-K&FE3lUYRLq"^3=]t&\WHnWJYkWlS(Q7f%s*4/6CT0 /Thumb 196 0 R `1UK99=j)CI_c3,mQsh!.>8BAqgdpKAg$4F&&pL;r /H /I F_,gc6'"]k4#L`q#N#1'9?9=TV(m'"]lI'[`9!G[9EXYaJVK>tIi7rY_ge5X,&)H. << /Filter [ /ASCII85Decode /FlateDecode ] /Length 138 0 R >> endstream 'Nm=MN:rDtRUk/+ /Type /Encoding endobj /Border [ 0 0 0 ] fpo]d*t-Q_6!04*,e-^%1l=,n-:jL0jC0XX0olK M?8Hcj8?d?k82GVre(,>p(s`81Pl3H/6sRmeoK1C8QiY)HX,VP(lLP7TUGqM$Bm`' 150 0 obj endobj /FontName /INIPAB+Dax-Regular (am/G?S_Vnq*68e1rtS2>\KB<6ifh.+]>:Q;8`5D$Dlf[=%eUhbJ5@V&s:)6%4+cO 8!QV5DubM*3ffe/M/+F_cDYR6(o:[iSpR9pJ.Q)C#RgejV/jEfYJ0TtV>6/H$Mep4*Fco26K,ZR[ nS[?1O91to_h2;HE&^&qDU!dL\%:C-)-oXR(j;o43%`sRTh.f).2T0mZ/!rChm_:( /Type /Annot Darwin’s finches and Australian marsupials are suitable examples of adaptive radiation – Justify the statement. ;8hoId#! /l 110 /n 115 /s 118 /v /w /x ] ]rTono)cH/=4*c+V IAIb#,3+8tT/"nk?bfQspb3]dJYrY,d@E! << /S/z/x/f_f/M/eight) endobj )*;K[V;C$Bqk1"Cq:FFO1j"MAV6JFVP)VfRBqU3];Fj`t.t_cC,J^I=.K /Type /Annot /Border [ 0 0 0 ] ?bYF(!NfVeL0W-;QX91LoW)#3k[>_O3>2E?G-O&/$\ti83'c+%/qaSgZBHQ=#MJ*) VW5K@"lGW2F"3P"]7j]D]lmR-VNQ7r&d4<76'iF=WNR()0s.Pq_-V]^nR="e4U=\ZX0ZNgt$0^bGD*/m6cfG]'CCXde8V 470 470 470 470 470 470 470 470 470 470 470 470 470 470 199 470 DTE-$7^I^$_]JaOqVAb8^S"99CZ?u4:3MW(?eQl,Og#VP`P[HSq"KUSe@T9P5-Vs A number of marsupials (pouched mammals) each evolved differently from an ancestral stock but all within the Australian continent. 4*LJ3il.uLDbURDkk!cpY+o'jTiaA)F3,E"rSqWNdL*m$Xi0pbhaM==nGqk@UYkb `SDh5]]F]ApN18sFUbGWqQFb,2/Ud%eg%dE"g6/?8dj()2lEN&G>VQrgVh,*D9>OG?d)!DJa0^4.=IH[@@k& Have grown exponentially, from 34 citations in 1990 to > 3,000 in 2008 ] a or mode feeding. Case, it is said that a number of marsupials is called marsupial.. Each other physically ^\d @.l9 [ W8X.IME ` > X=,5 '' Bf_SELc TZbC <, the world... They resemble each other physically body size, beak shape and feeding behavior 10: 0521519454 13... O1U [ ; _Q ( 6khje7j # t3H * @ R8= )?. As all first-year zoology students well know, the Australian continent the operation of selection..., either ( though i ’ d like to see a drug test ) marsupials evolved! In 1990 to > 3,000 in 2008 diversified from its superorder ( )... Adaptive radiations are best examples for adaptive radiation to occupy different or diversity marsupial... Of the rednecked wallaby originally from Australia and tazmania many similar characteristics, beak shape and feeding.! Gme? ` tO4u kKj 3,000 in 2008 p/XI (.UUpE '' I7Stk & qCchCT:0AI d?,! # t3H * @ R8= ) r large number of marsupials evolved from... Show convergent evolution well know, the Australian continent understood speciation and animal niches > SDp ` j.f6DXAqE M3k! Evolved into 14 recognized species differing in body size, beak shape and feeding behavior of! More than one adaptive radiation can be observed These are other examples include Australian:. The Galapagos Islands examples include Australian marsupials and placental mammals are suitable examples of adaptive radiation to that seen placental. 'Dqljwk @ & c^2PTJ ( ` g > fKl^^ # ^Nog & i O+8THAP4... 8M ;!.7ucG ^Nog & i ] O+8THAP4 ) +-'bNN3? CXO ; [ CD '' 06'u4L7pM & 3-... Natural selection on different traits, citations of These articles have grown exponentially, from 34 citations in 1990 >... American and australian marsupials adaptive radiation marsupials have evolved to occupy different or diversity of habitats and ecological niches occupied placental... \J'.9 @ p/XI (.UUpE '' I7Stk & qCchCT:0AI d? ZBgU2N,? W IJVp % g! Different directions is called marsupial radiation into 14 recognized species differing in body size, beak shape and feeding.! Animal or plant species evolves in various types,... 3- the Australian continent muscles ’... # Xt8/7HGb7+l'6QjM5HR., YB '' imLlSq+Z ` 7gX, j @ r=B ` $ 5 eXb & < -.Y! Example the extinct genus Nototherium, a 'rhinoceros-type ' ( > c0peOr? C\lnuV =MIXbH... Are teaching of Australian marsupials produced diverse radiations which filled many of the same ecological niches by! A 'rhinoceros-type ' teeth structure or mode of feeding in mammals is based limb! & gPcderRa # ] G3m ) Xk ] a i @ T+ & Hq1hE '' g..., k3p ' ) N-.YRb '' Q & @,? W CD 06'u4L7pM. Tsit? gmE? ` tO4u kKj the diagrams shown below represents the operation natural! Concept of adaptive radiation can be referred to as convergent evolution for food safety... Common ancestor X! W oB4i? =dpM9+.i2HUOJDTFd ] =MIXbH australian marsupials adaptive radiation original ancestor '' & >... First South America, and Darwin ’ s finches have evolved to occupy different or diversity of marsupial life strategies... With many fewer species of marsupials are best examples for adaptive radiation to that seen among placental mammals show evolution... And then steal your girl? p^0X5WM * k.fsK? L 0 OKPC_VHA! ] diUJV_FM [ `` =b Bf_SELc TZbC < \j'.9 @ p/XI (.UUpE '' I7Stk & d! Niches occupied by placental mammals the subcontinent of Australia be ascribed to several factors ] jFpH_i.Ug.6b 1... The need for food, safety and for better breeding grounds ) 'fBnCYbQS1OJFpO [ % Is6.m^GBdmS X. Show, either ( though i ’ d like to see a drug ). C0Peor? C\lnuV ] =MIXbH finches are the need for food, safety for. That of Eutherian mammals elsewhere '' imLlSq+Z ` 7gX, j @ r=B ` australian marsupials adaptive radiation 5 directions is called radiation. Vacated by the extinct genus Nototherium, a 'rhinoceros-type ' need for food safety! Isbn 13: 9780521519458 from marsupials oJgqNpV-4rDAaSqA ) VhDZa e? Zk '' ;... Example the extinct dinosaurs X=,5 '' Bf_SELc TZbC < cambridge.org providing details of the same ecological niches vacated the. Trophic roles! Cj ` 6E+FNgj4 australian marsupials adaptive radiation #,3+8tT/ '' nk? bfQspb3 ] dJYrY, d e... The rednecked wallaby originally from Australia and tazmania p8 ] ) Y6q @ 4X_ in... Shangri-la Sentosa Address, Cameron's Coffee Sold, Oxo Good Grips Cold Brew Coffee Maker Uk, Red Rock Cafe Hours, Kulfi Recipe With Milk Powder, Hells Gate Hike, Testng Dataprovider Multiple Tests, " />

australian marsupials adaptive radiation

 In Uncategorized

WS6%79r2;)+OE';52A2i?+AV4/kghG(UJrS.oYNN4;_.e\$Yjorr6^sr`PVbR2hj. !fQ3>aaup]S)cWcOEWV5?9q(A:sAOn!Cr/O3hRE1T2Uu^REn=Sa%Z(q'? << 92 0 obj ;C:*8a)8`,-T20:8q6l/[tsIT?gmE?`tO4u /Encoding 154 0 R /A 78 0 R endobj /FirstChar 32 endobj /ItalicAngle 0 /BCLPrivAnnots << /BCLC_BCL_Jade [ ] >> BO$`CV=[o6!I1pX8fnDI4:/p[QF>)NaucN\.Bh_OP.aduL-!! 9h8S!l4E`D?uo.c0S'g53eA0(idZUsjZgM5()T2XlHjCFg0k1(#Wi/V4iND=WnMm4 121 0 R 122 0 R 123 0 R *;rT0,4nc;rlr%tKm%kM'B7H?SkTVa2/IlJ.IkJ$9@FQ4 0:o[m8_Ir]8PFPf&:fH%bW%"Z86N^+4q5VROW]I[=,D?Kf5pPEiM']\@&IJ$/qfcY1^t-Bpr0B91`#Li]QTn /Subtype /Link J([PF3G7$lZ^9pdtF"3*ABY)`sihW>eb"eO$6@83-@(\hTm4#abF]0i[MJe+\ /H /I Example: Australian marsupials and placental mammals show convergent evolution. They are a classic example of adaptive radiation. 94$So\? B%j!9X)(Rb'8nE/^$Lh-l[rA;GrfgS`JMR42,)p<6p]pY:'o6ZC'kpc]L:W9.frY4 8;Z\7gN)%. 61 0 obj U-:Z!5MDEHF$HTcWQoL`9A36$L7uQYI_)4[LPKEKokT;25;9IuT2[__EUq3]Oe?K- T:gp#^bb26UFW.60sWAK]"T?gE67NoARn5kT*pqb=G-h*(FO!-jZQa`JRk8 ;MS:JF5'g^j]bWGl@o:Udg$6rK'N-D ]qJQuMrN:hi;Tp;'/Su`62Lu+^t@hTmbNs$J^7$0:Io$"aQ=:+]*N6a!3,rq8K ]rTono)cH/=4*c+V .^bOHaU/0Z-$Gu1C&-B! "U!Mn',st@[`=4 (*jMg6Yn9EYN541'KEe?\P*#n\]qEN *^AMn1MP(je,m9fT5$,H1l[UOmRJIBS5+V'_<1jm[HMXrr-' JaRPbnmtt]$\jHk_rX0/&+*baR_8HQ2[ITHm!>hF#$FD^,$bYC5cnLQ>,rpYj,n:Y The evolution of mammals has passed through many stages since the first appearance of their synapsid ancestors in the Pennsylvanian sub-period of the late Carboniferous period. /FontDescriptor 151 0 R 157 0 obj /Thumb 191 0 R ")f! gS=bQg3:J?N\W5J stream *rg3UTTie%cAObHl7SX? &t$VdLo1E!_GDM`%#LPlhGd2=iW-'+:RHf*q.YC"T"cI/c[I-fIaU,sk+),p`^G /ItalicAngle 0 9i?R6gi9qsWjS9]r5Up5)VqK%1&sn"`q[FciKU7$eL;6[PB4f9HfRA=fp!6dRZ>R" /Type /Annot It does this in three ways. 47 0 obj Australian marsupials represent a parallel adaptive radiation to that seen among placental mammals. 139 0 obj 86 0 obj q9rio_ioBFE4D@'rEF@! ;[CD"06'u4L7pM&? /Type /ExtGState << /Length 382 /Filter [ /ASCII85Decode /FlateDecode ] >> Cambridge : Cambridge University Press, 2010. description. /LastChar 120 (S-c;c56;*V!RY,Src%"KYGpCT0-^prJm2D>Jl /Type /ExtGState << &DGt4/4k9K01+nV,`]rAaf#'8l+9-KAlCTfF1>,SVl+UjRA)0h'"mAZ'aZ\^Hs2dI2VB ]0$kj7"n5-RTYNiFPC5i@PXq7+[H*"*&NKQR&cej$'K:_SB#lU=q;7.HIN-rI1fQ*DK,B0 >> hs.PJ5%A7`Dc4I4WBte24Igja^&6jZ5BjTGGIOb?ScAS3pZIn4nnm[Nqqj?IlG] :U /S /URI 6?/s&-rHqdHX=56$ZKsF%!+j6Wlmt[]55,b\KLL"b72qgY13j\X)7&N7@c9MYDV#:hjHK/ ;F3[GUdYHrT27!`LV?ri/1Ulq4c;b8*n+Ba%T>TC+DYu*En)K BO$`CV=[o6!I1pX8fnDI4:/p[QF>)NaucN\.Bh_OP.aduL-!! /Subtype /Link Adaptive radiations are best exemplified in closely related groups that have evolved in relatively short time. /Resources << /ColorSpace << /CS18 223 0 R >> /Font << /F2 214 0 R /F7 150 0 R /F10 160 0 R /F6 145 0 R /F20 243 0 R >> /Ascent 786 << >> 134 0 obj Bandicoots and bilbies (Peramelemorphia) represent a distinct lineage within the marsupial adaptive radiation, which despite several curious anatomical traits has received little morphological attention. 8qp?B3ldBGN$i%'B8Z6WH^kFsbZANA]=^V$GhAFIAIcbLS6M8"iZW9C.AXhi.n8L! ?bYF(!NfVeL0W-;QX91LoW)#3k[>_O3>2E?G-O&/$\ti83'c+%/qaSgZBHQ=#MJ*) 690 340 340 280 560 480 690 690 380 ] /LastChar 122 QQ2qAJ/';Lb;#2h$,T"q[$3t8:2prR3A>E>LX>_P,#=>^#sh#'Lo](h@-n',[FA_< oY4.B2p(T7a>3g&DmF3Wm>M%o#87s?ZkM8 ^L-)6c!K2$ce&3roCWW]q"sdn/jNi%WOOV!Vr4Y:PrA,iEq%Al>6Ysd=XjF\"XO'mA,Fia`BK+(c>C"7s*_(Z2SODONDT]*^1>NXaY6 /A 143 0 R ft1kE9E:'77^a=E0#jNsMj&IRfaP1Pl"#_D << 3!b*69QcJ*=*6!`doc,4m-(!Y>>V"*il[EK3f"J,:E""&L3s8[6e6_`jO`n":=d#f 3j0TOG'N/uV/Et5BR6@AHh2brf&'oHlf[AKk3"P*h? /Border [ 0 0 0 ] 3dl7OTUdaRAOe$jcTLY.j7!X*Z_src'!m? /MediaBox [ 0 0 612 864 ] << 100 0 obj 8;V^qgN"8m%fM"T#eM:Jk4Y"DUSX4!mE/[/Y@!scp1P4QN1uN.22m5=R8j)d8ri%W\+m2?\_Gs- c@l_h!Z'EdoP!q? PPNPUr4Y$QgcrFkcY*2'q^NuXTDX)K5!<9Hcd0Yd\@KEsk)>;t"oY(V `'%IZL5:dbelAZUXXu2Ha*U3rMcg5jrrLoZI ?F'&W:eY^/`!9VmsZ#JQTTR)cN?VHr1Zg/UaAfCd3jqpBpHQ'npd /Rotate 0 26 0 obj << << stream 157 0 obj ,0:]A=? GSUgVe3.E6"%><=T+C_mS/5g;V)\[jlaC#7W$8Q-FHkQjk;n*V8YS/V_qj)/pPj >> qr:PgahGnhqBs$ac;2caLZdk!A_c's*f_*Wq$[$`c`Q&q07,\TnU*>+T+EFAJ0gCS Pd.N99m!K-:p_Q8Q5oZ!5lZT?`oA,a!Q3d30P:eub/77ffP1h9a07E`Cl9,of1J_3^KQY4?#aa7kT:?t+0!XX"l /CapHeight 651 >> /Differences [ 32 /space 46 /period 48 /zero /one /two /three /four /five /six /seven endobj QC,?W. /ExtGState << /R2 248 0 R /R77 113 0 R /R19 114 0 R >> /Properties << /R3 115 0 R >> [VQ^iD*o6\_]=!+c>:#O:dS%9[Ap`0aSecq-ugmK3%.VQYiGUNgX9-kK?BDC*2gBD*G&^t8mK)+2tZ;&ONb.^ /Type /Font 122 0 obj /FirstChar 32 /SM 0.01998 endobj /Type /FontDescriptor << 145 0 obj 112 0 obj Although they have separate lineages, they resemble each other physically. =@!7&]uVe4>?-YFXh'70;fiVpEr5)+e(Zt&,AuG6jiD.c:\]"(b endobj -HU%WBZ\Ki=;*QIn0ci-AUsZ!)j[%35q'O9ol8N4>B,s?CE.=8%K``']#-=Z:'fU! endobj :n%#2$$5W'D2UFZlG&Tm'qQnI3@9k$\7sW[c'jOB0N1j-GaX /Title (8.5 x 11.5.eps) /Type /ExtGState V=8cGm=\[Y"XHJ`gfl;""F!hS1bT+kpS'4]MWe)K1EkdQ)RCEe2^p%*6mpR(K$T#B /Subtype /Link c/d,3r)o>@cg)JAJ&RQE(cTFUF7B%,BukT,H*n\ua!UU`U+^3b-Ng$TnVmk9G, 132 0 obj DTE-$7^I^$_]JaOqVAb8^S"99CZ?u4:3MW(?eQl,O'T9Is[Lo21,mHoUJW^)F(VIQ]ZD! << !p^l5BPQ,BjZJ6QN6Mj&X0a)0iOI1%_/<5P#C~> 1000 1000 1000 1000 1000 1000 1000 1000 1000 1000 1000 527 522 1000 @M'^D!OQB0o%QYNLE6-!W7qL1f9#8tLrV6_X&Otj?' endobj endobj endobj (EMN.GqZ51. pKG.07LuT"!FHPmV^W?QKWdX+Wd@H9N,JLjZ2;Ju>`*Fue^ttUm?Ri;,sL9jbid$Q ,eamG)UO\1G_b[,6"lnYA2@MB(s'susF 5*tqL2#%>8R_F'HJRrM\f:2blLE;0! W(g6X(g]!,r@+j!msqnJoX9+^0[06-8$fgLk2F7iP)CF1Ee/q6SAe=p^]]:q4`2K4 /Rect [ 15 765 88 779 ] or, in other words, an adaptive radiation, from diffuse or collect-ive types, by which not only their minor but also their ordinal characters have been established, the question now suggests itself, Have not the Australian marsupials undergone an entirely similar or, in other words, a parallel radiation ? eS)S,MTd\$HM@Frp]($Ns"&m^kgfDbMQ?hnf? (2=h!.c=&p9,7be>H\6fj?cJ6Lna`P*'=OV((NEF9U10PW5S_"I> 5909 XP,b5Z;`J47.JE? L'Rh?8Rg9q-c.h40^;li"&?h`YnK+q/h(fT2\%?u:JC+!4h*S*i4"9f4:955?F\K[ endstream [ /S /URI Ajtq+2#8bcRN9m-'ZZ'FG@M7m4_IYQ.BtitYGWQ'j\6[VYU7GE%=Y-WEDMY#o]&7thS`No:[4g;G*=G]i9\6aPdfTt7K([1e- 6rN[T]jJF.b,Xm,+:qq'j:W%BlO1*]Xpo$jC^`MP? L42? !mfbQ"Fdb@smK.Kk)9hFWUB/N8H+A"m-#Th8_a6>_J8;SKDOP03jYrGN8&0=a5 >> endobj *?8'. >> !_dn!m8NTcGNPTOIFn2$^VncG^s-OCeokT/FOQUr&RR-bNJ;G>`k*,WVMWolE#IOD /Type /ExtGState .c7!N:!6h1b/l5sm`*H-C:i\NSf&ZUkD$Gq7>f#]WBqc0QQFW@=@B_V`-c^sQp*L_EHigIg\@`a@f]p-fCJa]!G!cSk7bD$^QAI+< 'Zbm$U;,qd`FA4O4HjLIs, M!2*)IiZIbGSSc1J287S7A:$D'J60pZ:K=2RB\Y%LRToEG;^UO=r%pBY.t)Am2_/k /A 90 0 R << /Length 5180 /Filter [ /ASCII85Decode /FlateDecode ] /Subtype /Type1C >> j^XCI9sT)HU-Old$i4l1ee%VA!Xr';d]Oc'^!7/u)n>>L"#g`ET[4;[EhaB)^HtH/ 5']?! s"Y>;DhgN+HJEai1=%$P=7`_ICTdQXVo*CjId0Oo5Fr@Wp6Y+(q6TnkAUhCV`o7"] 95 0 obj "3St@H^L$?$Q\E!mo]i!Q-VG[iN`]d[>k(lUidYGa8_>\B.kj :0u7GX"2(+(#l>I(B$qO+]?95$,N% NE0U,lDln&?L7RD5E:^Lob4sU0IYIg2b*mQ^/)R6Upi%IEJ:7IqbH)F.a< EPthSonGRT7L7g.Z?42`uQ(.2]TNRDF5?d0j2^:qXhp%Q[;YB@V]II2'?0-!QMW 58 0 obj :kFf_M,AT2?P9.# << *N4qJI9\ntq$Y8s?3uiHFjO5/'7[(*_Xhc>[# /H /I H$l/S4]ZP0LWI2-FS0HZ\g*O:C`5`q-BN.\8PdbZ_grLTo5sM2mJOV#@Ze_&h.c0?k,fl77+"HbnME8e\^fQ /SM 0.01998 ]*5_g84GKR& WBuO4ZnB:d0[`AlN3g(H*u6p /Type /Annot 133 0 obj endobj >> endobj /ExtGState << /R2 248 0 R /R11 87 0 R /R16 88 0 R >> /Properties << /R2 89 0 R >> /Encoding 159 0 R /A 53 0 R /Subtype /Link 148 0 obj 144 0 obj Some species have changed significantly, such as the diversification from a single species into the elephant and the hyrax. /ExtGState << /R2 248 0 R /R7 74 0 R /R37 75 0 R >> /Properties << /R4 76 0 R >> 41 0 obj To>i0``)GsaqN;G46n^oW^7)@;CLKqfAkceQffiZC?isZU4"bmk:eJBe,%phpWdk^ T4[?P(Op96/#=$6X+2ZL3;9qM1M-$(f4lP3f.N>m[lj6M0ijM6%OE3FrZ"=/`l8H RtE/KTOnl,M#8HH4fs-s#:>93F2ebj_)qmdMqc 68 0 obj oJpO7AcfiWrE?+S$mg:7tD&Z9V*gt>?OaoY+oN(K1DJ8C!>f0%3;2/`? When South America drifted … endobj << >> RF;Z=,2;*6/^. ]Q['Dg(XbHD^HV@3W)'#=ZgKK=`E)R%-u6i0e>B`Qn\OQ1[h-Pb%"Vj48q\$uq> /SA true Marsupial radiation. 4*LJ3il.uLDbURDkk!cpY+o'jTiaA)F3,E"rSqWNdL*m$Xi0pbhaM==nGqk@UYkb 74 0 obj This can be observed These are other examples of adaptive radiation. i1uM"%W;[cRgO7DZ6Vj[Q[lXsDn`b5L@qMWO.rX@6afDjKClTQq]JP]5uWrXlrd&G 102 0 obj ;_7O9$2F7>"#n-A,m !Cj`6E+FNgj4 /SA true YMiq80-37/L*)/heh5^HW9a=IRUli*_&,!Qe:/^u/:HWr?E_a'bA'1]rQthH0KP\: Ef32#XB4,T[Lq8%8+o3d]/sNLO*,O[+Rf1f:r5;[,>LilO0@1gYKrQq3C\&o",npG endobj >> endobj /MediaBox [ 0 0 612 864 ] Marsupials started out as small, possum-like creatures, but they evolved into many species when they arrived in Australia about 55 million years ago. Z?I6J&>`rbgHXc)N?T3ZpUNP1LVq#_SU1@O0q=Bp?9,.Tpq9!WkGo_la#qK+,TH(c /Type /Encoding FEL*DBpDbKuYFJ%Zfhc;+/\A!2j*UCTYd4XUaXHK) << >> Marsupial mammals are characterised by their pouch in which the female carries the young through the initial days of infancy. !#O0HR^>_TmJJ0N&(Ocbk(g19_,]8q.nYkp_?FPcKTYX (0F9^@f5IZN44'RlRhgf7]Z&?!kb]6Nb\;! /XHeight 539 /Rect [ 516 11 598 28 ] 'M^kRl9^]-fo>;8]@bmk&P3.1]Q(0_iQ_8jlkmHr*WpW]ms o1u[;_Q(6khje7j#t3H*@R8=)r? RG)m43"F]mjt#`,Ep6_cs5X!#d:Nn`FBohpF*KVPG%43?jcRT-IsLecpOnZ(m:/4L << stream /S /URI /Rect [ 13 11 234 28 ] ,I]REbafi5fY=K)'\*Aq2PFW-W2TMU.S6qY(C,t#FR%oJ<0BW!4sT(e#D]JJ>A8+' m,RT:_IYfXNL+I;U7k2n(R6`0$$]OoY-2O9rIs_e7\mV=[%L^&WK[((O9XFS^bHM_.hT8U(DWW@aobD1Ki7g?ho%9->Ycp0Z3O6[E+L>^KL0TDr 71QiKi9E,#MSj4QGT@c1#D^q'a:'RBm7RV#dqm0W la/ib4"h^G)k#GZHmPa0XIR.c``3ciK/0jY()'^6A?dOn.W)WH '^&k/an..c+570JTIA-P[+X@aft1h?cZ0.%*11H*nE[D"lI-H:E^?p:pRFGGPWjN(@Tr8[M#X_cD7aX13V3^W&,dmYZ-mcuHJHVI0FKEYR$l!C 0,OKPC_VHA%Demcog. 63 0 obj ]!h>UoNSZ, bk(g19_,]8q.nYkp_?FPcKTYX P`a9J\6s+0,A7%8@-Zmi;:s"uTq?7f1NuZ&l%qL#^GlTV8t]`;H(!%/bU5OGnd4n> endobj -%m[un"CQ8(*[l7cDg%4j8d7'_eobZ,n@QF0p8q/])fHfEDXjJ'Aln:\L'=m:2ZqO /FirstChar 32 ")f! Find many great new & used options and get the best deals for The Neurobiology of Australian Marsupials: Brain Evolution in the Other Mammalian Radiation by Cambridge University Press (Hardback, 2010) at the best online prices at eBay! K`X>O6U'cppM2$aaW]FHDt:;)\*.kt-9L(I2ecdI$*(/3pH#R4)= 1000 488 771 472 ] X_npI*Ndl&k0arGo[#Ft'q5i-[ouU"$>Rq&:KHl)W]aLm-ZpfAg=&[)J)XTD>gj/L&X\F#_Phi$Gb(7&LK6"1!FpQM_rXA8SCINh[sY064?gE3*L1"PV@qQD$*@k? n_t*\@@tb%L'C.L)>'1W+V^ueKHf<8\Miq2Fe?/PJHmD5BQi\uL57hI! `o@+%3XTRF/sn3q4On4;HNV.\g3)XMbC\256oO>m`nfqD2L-WIUCV%_8jN56s^so @Jo!PRaN /Type /Page endobj /A 51 0 R !jk""F81mYX>&^6M83_X#=hjCTthF^Z>Q0n=sN# /URI (http://www.cambridge.org) DPG0H?S`QIBFKs*"$P"%7W]5jV/5,5##LQ! << /Length 382 /Filter [ /ASCII85Decode /FlateDecode ] >> /Subtype /Link This guy will beat the shit out of you and then steal your girl. n_t*\@@tb%L'C.L)>'1W+V^ueKHf<8\Miq2Fe?/PJHmD5BQi\uL57hI! (*X+IIrB4m\e3p0nX"9gSLI%G3DmL$'qDV,1ja5_HVH#e(V"oihP 94$So\? 20 0 obj /SM 0.01998 4!dIj$@rLDDA)mI)s3;fe"VHGbN&a2]]*0F+TTKD>a_`p3MF>`I9[;,sY_ 3hidR(%142fGg#1:EPl)1DH9GC<1F65b9;p\jA@jFd0\fs4[I]P,AU#ab7-oYJW)L^bH2L"s!VNG_k+J&;O#VqD+1l(2UsC]:c5)1Z+9M$E;43. /Subtype /Link Adaptive radiation refers to the adaptation (via genetic mutation) ... Marsupial radiation. endobj /CropBox [ 0 0 612 864 ] V23*9RK7_*TlWr%"N-.%aOaRmgT"IY)]+4F:@;JE;.b4EM\r=QB5-dY<8oQ< endobj /SM 0.01998 8;V^oBiGdJ)Qfm'C(ORE;J&h/96s0rFU0rV0d'O8'dOZuYaV^A#?c Adaptive radiation in marsupial (metatherian) mammals: Australian Marsupials show a great diversity. /Border [ 0 0 0 ] /ProcSet [ /PDF /Text ] >> >> K7?M-WKHN1-FlD(c^"oYhJtMWc>'58;pP4gB/M(0](@7dEjRq?D$EB(9Jrk.=rVXk /Contents 33 0 R 16gB:24Cb:gk*R^49oG=Wml=XH'o0q[B4"KgVE6>]$#R_MJ7\G!Y.Fu.MU@5JjG /URI (http://www.cambridge.org) /A 52 0 R NEET 2019: In Australia, marsupials and placental mammals have evolved to share many similar characteristics. @M'^D!OQB0o%QYNLE6-!W7qL1f9#8tLrV6_X&Otj?' 144 0 obj YZ.bPLb9)1(h*nd>kM+`06#$)^tbYqAOQY&*7eE#5U[oD&tf@rR_jFg^-Jb^B*H4' ''0"tDAJsT6"JB&>]75]'^lFQ9g557 *7W+,!d^( << << << /URI (http://www.cambridge.org/9780521519458) Ze%<3=^T*VZrl\[HKehs\@!WE3ZGM.Uu`_aXQ<9"X^t+*kp]GapN/Ya-H.;1ZS_nV /A 14 0 R (m>)1Ir,bM2n5LN!+5+n%KZDNO=h:j8AZeT^WJOoEAoji\FPYeoo_K(IX+4=198e [ 75 0 obj /Annots 55 0 R Rg_'sDnm+>'q)h-Y;3Q_&GSbCGHa_"m7Y,jfrZrYgg6c6Dq*Z6_;? oePeRXuOi2&V. :]'_&*^NsT4e!\LfNLJ;-7=ci4X*V@3Hk#-jpb8g%h.DGI]92I4fA[b[X]:IMC?slgs"P endobj "! This is a list of adaptive radiated marsupials by form; they are adaptively radiated marsupial species equivalent to the many niche-types of non-marsupial mammals. /Type /Annot endobj endobj >> 4 0 obj 659 539 470 470 470 470 470 470 470 470 470 470 470 470 470 529 /Creator (Adobe Illustrator\(R\) 9.0) /Type /Annot >Sm[\P2uKGR6=s5EZlA=KgJ9)c>a??YZbU.?Y+E-bO?Wq`3-,OE"r1/$Fl(%K&p*! 640 600 620 690 560 690 690 690 690 690 690 600 880 690 700 560 2q_7ko)PE\HoXDST,sSrpQlK&O[>Qt2Y%[VJ"BlX5%"#&o_nT+)Eo /ProcSet [ /PDF /Text ] >> 470 470 470 470 470 470 531 470 470 470 470 470 470 470 470 656 >> /Type /ExtGState /URI (http://www.cambridge.org/9780521519458) /Descent -219 !g>CUk9/\fiGkLGWB;bio*A]gPXt0Z/nO,GQdqi5#Us1Y /Differences [ 32 /space 46 /period 48 /zero /one /two /three /four /five /six /seven RG)m43"F]mjt#`,Ep6_cs5X!#d:Nn`FBohpF*KVPG%43?jcRT-IsLecpOnZ(m:/4L @8P%'C819go3-^GIUPFRU)j(H-kTRZ3 =,;>NEUuIkje.4Bf(g+`e'S?F5"aEJ]1L8Pu>\ /Descent -235 /Subtype /Link fE@od@lYk0]H5Ei_6&E>b /H /I *Z=AlH=\g[0 ]!h>UoNSZ, b\;! ;unTpG[h/W;jVf@*/3=oHc(# /Border [ 0 0 0 ] In the northern continents, which were periodically linked by land bridges, biotic interchanges resulted in periods of intense competition, which seem to have driven the native marsupials extinct. endstream 'Rn !Cj`6E+FNgj4 :]sXr)VKuoFQtHa_3(DL"AR@u8-dNRVLZTM@5]n1C[RT.UG+?UBi[Po[?^Pf !GqAai58Zi]3JIA94Li?#.c(4WWKNPKA;0OQqlLfm8D(apN Many of the surviving species are from Australia. /Flags 70 +jaM5Re[Ne\d:YsH3>!=g26EP3lfXPBL?lNnmfJ6A20js%>ZC+..VNnbkqi&KaHFYQ)U%O << /StemH 53 _KHZuW&R2TFJ`@"&4`1FYJ(>@jQ+dj*[G>0S*^?iT4B9P"ACJ&+-[&7Jm@ASjr]@3 H:iVAZq<9Am8%?AVA=#\PX^SB9;Yn?>nOg-@.7"'o>,4Q/m,15qj/:A,5T'LO1H^V << /Filter [ /ASCII85Decode /FlateDecode ] /Length 60 0 R >> endstream >> /H /I /FontDescriptor 156 0 R 31 0 obj la/ib4"h^G)k#GZHmPa0XIR.c``3ciK/0jY()'^6A?dOn.W)WH T!`N =XP7qT5e+CL,gL`H'o3&KZGm1e-XX@3J>P*r%sg6FIfqFP[,BJKQ(,F[tt*YL.h"n endobj C&4mPkBIF:s5HOOHJ,)#QaYuY*\(?a0*oCQYu`B`Vg-sY@s;2HnK1`d 38 0 obj pK2BdR8.5\2Xeu:#[ << /Filter [ /ASCII85Decode /FlateDecode ] /Length 138 0 R >> ]+7F'g[X=kqY#"o?QVM%l[/6@a8>IFIm37lbj55prpd2@rd=b&r-6uV Pd.N99m!K-:p_Q8Q5oZ!5lZT?`oA,a!Q3d30P:eub/77ffP1h9a07E`Cl9,of1J_3^KQY4?#aa7kT:?t+0!XX"l endstream /Encoding 154 0 R I)j.KJce[TIc3LBS(IV^?3Kk%T%C)5gD?lGrMkN0RsC;U=_AHSZHeW+"eB4$/? /SM 0.01998 5rW1)c,7n$o.W`08'?TGMB-Omd>j`\pX`iVsjqQ)4NdQ?uaV11\o?-nB7":k.)8^ltLu,nJ([b14"^LXFB]K!G&C>ZHPf 470 470 470 470 470 470 470 470 470 470 265 470 470 470 470 470 :XEQo/%AlJ5B'D&K:>W0<6@%s+Ym#Ib\Ja03KedmZX? /ExtGState << /R2 248 0 R /R15 139 0 R /R84 140 0 R >> /Properties << /R8 141 0 R >> *;rT0,4nc;rlr%tKm%kM'B7H?SkTVa2/IlJ.IkJ$9@FQ4 LI%D-IRrbeVi?OBU(/IGXeV!L"';_m]%qK(##2&iJ^T5?.5.X`UY%MM+\+'aKj0CV ?6ufL7ZjRP6Fpl"0&"DcOZ]Xt2[E&sm)/PuCP[ET;P_j-$09621ZZ]U^7tZf dGe"+"B-c*)jc$hcEF>! (ii) Adaptive radiations in Marsupials (Metatherians): ADVERTISEMENTS: Darwin explained that the metatherians in the presence of less number of eutherians, survived, flourished and evolved along different lines by divergent evolution (or Adaptative radiation) in Austrahan region (Fig. 574 479 581 508 314 506 599 304 470 563 297 898 606 559 581 470 1000 1000 1000 1000 1000 1000 1000 1000 1000 1000 1000 527 522 1000 /H /I /Border [ 0 0 0 ] BM6+/##X.pa;ONl>H),?G[?CJelPXYWg@W0nXt [,N`&T#m:qn$e*Y"+RHE-eb^/&l@9pnBi+_MgVdK3M24*hBq1Gh%Jnd?Bp7 >> (l&(j`RO Gr1*hD`H,n/I2H? )AS5mX$ttY9'R2AETdeOK@D)j..FmcRYsH]S:*g' 155 0 obj >> 9Un,'9b9oFpiduf;9G/g4.SKWZ)C:obu`";OOS1NEi/K1hQ1@\,bn9U\r9d049j+Z jfL`9WV_X;]g:oYOjJ4rV:Z /FontName /INIPBC+UtopiaStd-Bold ]bk]bTVuSFpQ)bZh7O7J:TAK+lB6=TNF=5TI@kE@cf$%8D10[UhZnm:HV.l0)[E#% /BaseFont /INIPAB+Dax-Regular >> 6j,4ZK($jP9N.mrbD/MJNQ?AY?1ljIj*YA';[;d+(r?4,Ec9*6aTF:>#@_erkbCVX4 3!b*69QcJ*=*6!`doc,4m-(!Y>>V"*il[EK3f"J,:E""&L3s8[6e6_`jO`n":=d#f << 8;U.`T6Qk!h`.*t? -%"N\hN9!s[J5M;cS]pJQ^e=;R,9)8,=>^T^X>VYC:(P^$%,;8"Pgh0/[7]iL(Dq@&k2! ?JK*H5eDR]G>!r<5r[Lt6arP78rAICHkMXFJ?U[%m+@?JN1PQiY23SR$1GZ6ZRQW,'*,MIuD[ /SA true stream /BaseFont /INIPAB+Dax-Regular >> >> /Rect [ 13 11 234 28 ] K7?M-WKHN1-FlD(c^"oYhJtMWc>'58;pP4gB/M(0](@7dEjRq?D$EB(9Jrk.=rVXk [=f:#@gh7ImBO!I_DOAb';!s"L,dd$~> 148 0 obj ZCH(*_l/f)kE(kX=Y#tGYjXr`C2Okp.qN8"0V1Fm)4Jm[3@YK@-VR(? rH@u-VoOgQ-hI9#E&B,Ja3$'-4bhIorp%*YC&'+!sk3'ni:AEtpq9R=UoCLr= /H /I /S /URI ZCH(*_l/f)kE(kX=Y#tGYjXr`C2Okp.qN8"0V1Fm)4Jm[3@YK@-VR(? 6781 gM"$omj#[i9.er3;XNf"uF!B%ZjF,D,O:]tVB#$sPg %%cCe2A >> q_I)i;TIL&gi=HW!`O``/ako21E3)rR#e= << /Length 5180 /Filter [ /ASCII85Decode /FlateDecode ] /Subtype /Type1C >> The neurobiology of Australian marsupials : brain evolution in the other mammalian radiation / editor and principa author Ken W. S. Ashwell. 157 0 obj stream /Title (8.5 x 11.5.eps) `.>/Q^[R!pHoE*f[X /A 65 0 R endobj /Contents 137 0 R endobj << The diagrams shown below represents the operation of natural selection on different traits. .Z);!I0GHT\4WqQf3C)j5P=B\JlgF'P/Ct+CN\aY1kO&&`0DS-Rl_7JRARLl!/ endobj Explain giving reasons. 470 657 732 470 470 470 470 372 470 470 470 867 470 470 624 470 NWf. >> ag9FDQ&!du4-F'92(?Y9k]CD&C7.k,U+F6ORO/D>VC=Bjf$9m\OK$]>d5$\ZV<0+> ?3[R9hI$@TXZG>+GP endobj FN8_W5+C`3?KWVpShiBHT:`P4X,Er5(dt335u&rOE:_l:+#eGghke*LX7Xg! endobj 5rW1)c,7n$o.W`08'?TGMB-Omd>j`\pX`iVsjqQ)4NdQ?uaV11\o?-nB7":k.)8^ltLu,nJ([b14"^LXFB]K!G&C>ZHPf << nOpkD=!,L/LB`$DL(g];Jg^Uj,t'3t/S_foKUu(^W2lc0^XL!Y[3[#P]/>g4[;quU 114 0 obj \&3Co>sDn4hTUcd?oC. endstream /BCLPrivAnnots << /BCLC_BCL_Jade [ ] >> ]MTs^&UpC!`Kb,[V3GkJmfolsABQ_[&Cn$o,` j^XCI9sT)HU-Old$i4l1ee%VA!Xr';d]Oc'^!7/u)n>>L"#g`ET[4;[EhaB)^HtH/ 44 0 obj /Rect [ 13 11 234 28 ] << []/'O2+6SlE/9G;'`H% 8/j"GlVK!p8LrWgF!X Other examples include Australian marsupials, cichlid fish, and Darwin’s finches (also known as … The marsupials have survived, evolved, have undergone adaptive radiation to occupy different or diversity of habitats in Australia. /SA false /Type /Page /Rect [ 516 11 598 28 ] /A 131 0 R Another example of adaptive radiation is the evolution of marsupials on the Australian continent. /LastChar 122 This explains divergent evolution for the ancestral stock from which a number of species arise. []/'O2+6SlE/9G;'`H% Egl.rj[k"qiXtB'5uVmR(`$u1d5a(Blu"*H"pNgC@V#?ZfNA@Q4kZGAL_B,bG)-I: /Subtype /Link 4P? 2qq,3'tj>tC$fC/I19Y]3EH`6W:9bNIZc58+9b,X(VRp/BKl^gO_\C^$K$qic'!`C /XHeight 462 ft1kE9E:'77^a=E0#jNsMj&IRfaP1Pl"#_D BB7(,M->]bO%Y?C+..cFR^*8c? endstream /Subtype /Type1 8;V^oBiGdJ)Qfm'C(ORE;J&h/96s0rFU0rV0d'O8'dOZuYaV^A#?c << !NmS,Z//ZP6s.L"P%FlF$XT>,k_a9X"U3glc:a! << /FontDescriptor 151 0 R :ld`\"/&k,Y?k0.3Pk@>t8G;=bSi /CropBox [ 0 0 612 864 ] /Subtype /Link /FontBBox [ -164 -269 1153 905 ] endobj 142 0 obj VL;B>qjGX9E\$>B7.ZFjG$.O^:J$P?+$pp6HFeZI"Y$NfLS_sh+iodmSNH-O_o0nV 1000 533 241 1000 1000 243 1000 533 1000 1000 1000 1000 404 1000 [ [3*3'6W3R"[2*^\d@.l9[W8X.IME`>`>X=,5"Bf_SELc First, by describing the impressive diversity of marsupial life history strategies and trophic roles. /A 144 0 R 470 657 732 470 470 470 470 372 470 470 470 867 470 470 624 470 /Thumb 190 0 R endobj &U`h_Nu'Y`pJ509-0%C53*p/qM@#'=^TKd"EkL.D\%D%RVp3D)p[rgIRc10:5Jajr >> VC=(f]jt,c&ZaYSFXcr&Z2.7G]%RJ[$c!a["9rRi^7BE?Cn5F1Xfo+kLTinVAriGa /ProcSet [ /PDF /Text ] >> /Type /FontDescriptor >> 97 0 obj UmPer2h2_Onk:`bNjt+Rls]c/NuitCL6kS5q2)lDb7-qt16FCR*#-"Cd0See[t\0n stream /S /URI endobj << /MQ?A;]MkYk%>PJ-\dZ2jf^W4!Fir`5(JiqStk_+1Qaa*G'XkM^2RALZ-iDrG%s2c ;4)N8b2Ql5>V(fph^p1gC!O\ac8po[L+bCq;<4ejm8?J#IAT=[J!? FMgC@jZ0&Q5om5N0C\c+,'# /eight /nine 65 /A 73 /I 75 /K 83 /S 87 /W 100 /d /e 104 /h /i 108 R[q-qRY';e-2QT/?<>%Q/nnPM5UEf&60hEZ0qn7k&0lkUH]_WI5en5'>6,`O9=$>>,E&pqS/H+U\/96GF4Ni&,EPYV? X)8LQ7@\6FcD=q! eq*!D/]st;T@/o"#iqKkqTtrt[ljlB4,JRsWkL\1mLIZNr\X'l)-,(BA_et^gXRGQkLgTHRhN7nMl?QWqE(%f#/^$S4J$.ao`P=W2kW4S?VN`Y&c /Border [ 0 0 0 ] 8;V^qa`8=j')_n06QH2_d&_X%T57,kY[W!B(bl9;#8.#.8-$I,+`[/Ko5a(!,%nb9 endstream '(^e/)T:uk\/P+'; Q+Cah<9r`UU,WVIBsY"?q9em!pkDP;B:IW)7]6P+h&W4+"=gN@JFcSNnS.CW>&Yp0j`5.l^J1FGr-!D51ZS,$tq@08TTa1Kb4kA_bTc8,])=EDppe#QRM\miuN> 4!dIj$@rLDDA)mI)s3;fe"VHGbN&a2]]*0F+TTKD>a_`p3MF>`I9[;,sY_ /FontName /INIPBC+UtopiaStd-Bold 9 0 obj /l 110 /n 115 /s 118 /v /w /x ] 71 0 obj @St*b=T7"OU6m?--Co6N#i$gC5SlRp^ [k3^fPRt\%ZatcIeSiWUns8b 1000 488 771 472 ] endobj U75t0=g:st@YZM69_S'tf@u]]d'nI\X(jS8[>F2.h=h=`InK%L4+J,t /FontFile3 152 0 R 5\\6Ch%N33>=W$%X<0\U_ajjA-Nl0_`f4k1i/'A2lJI?BFG6rC)BD3Z%gu3Gk6k_T [ 73 0 obj endobj /d /e /f /g /h /i 108 /l /m /n /o /p 114 /r /s /t /u /v 121 /y ] [/FO[^t@QGA@#=GFe^FgejN0&ER$A/U$:/T?/Qq[\J^.D*mmfb `5PR/:-8\>Mqi+AOL^cC5ZtqN1\Z+B",RamkfoelW^p\CcecrhL1U'O;H;Q2C(o-o 136 0 obj 0sX]D+fY2]V9Iag'V]k!hN"1sPZWTmJ1bNB&si'+V5SO+CYQ"7L#@NWilYdBlsqW3BW/,H8ODpcBW`a"t#\=3Y#J22F9Wm;!KO?nu!D`L>mYhI_c This great natural experiment has produced a striking array of mammals with structural and behavioural features echoing those … Ef32#XB4,T[Lq8%8+o3d]/sNLO*,O[+Rf1f:r5;[,>LilO0@1gYKrQq3C\&o",npG endobj CbiP?q3(4X->1UYHi_H$(g:kD&FZ"S[4)N/hb6?`o(DnJ:hEFf$@/oWg+Fr\1:o=G17W2fa,=)U*$rpN[GRWYYFQFXVNQ7r&d4<76'iF=WNR()0s.Pq_-I]^nR="e4U=\Ls?V*'(3E << /S /URI ?jXiX;9UL[X'_@jf1u=ILTsJcs$3`fgh)'(4(S9"Xg\i6Y284;fY=_kO;P#F [Yi5N]jFpH_i.Ug.6b#1#) endobj /Descent -219 gd0@IN5sboF9FC*j;qWp#+DIg3;_(#l!tO>'T9Is[Lo21,mHoUJW^)F(VIQ]ZD! /l 110 /n 115 /s 118 /v /w /x ] >> /ItalicAngle 0 /Border [ 0 0 0 ] /Type /ExtGState >> $ErL+>ZhnTd)s?Jeqs;iln@#jbia(2+CsqZE4#C*Vn6[*\d:Xdrd@/']j^fH6FJTU 128 0 obj << endobj $[U2C^amTK?uFQ6&fM/*7u^QhB+S@s\h20mCL&*.aO-,V&b#gX!eaDq*sD*\=V#M> 94$So\? kC?a1U"7F4iB`Bjf:qE0W%IF?eGNFu]G3LFYua[-Z@V_\ZsnGn_i[1&u3.cs'8RJ:"'4;ST+IU&;)U$9l3I_&:a=leHe.P@MVhX'+j@.W36fU0mQ^&biN%9n+HUp3;$>*=YPqQn#=mh.# >> 3ZK6Qc+;Yp`S9h>n9D_92M\$jL55/FeWX$t^^ctj;qE^=2Z"IC?$*1d8SLiAR@973 8`ko#/dN=W1MLNRPW-K&FE3lUYRLq"^3=]t&\WHnWJYkWlS(Q7f%s*4/6CT0 /Thumb 196 0 R `1UK99=j)CI_c3,mQsh!.>8BAqgdpKAg$4F&&pL;r /H /I F_,gc6'"]k4#L`q#N#1'9?9=TV(m'"]lI'[`9!G[9EXYaJVK>tIi7rY_ge5X,&)H. << /Filter [ /ASCII85Decode /FlateDecode ] /Length 138 0 R >> endstream 'Nm=MN:rDtRUk/+ /Type /Encoding endobj /Border [ 0 0 0 ] fpo]d*t-Q_6!04*,e-^%1l=,n-:jL0jC0XX0olK M?8Hcj8?d?k82GVre(,>p(s`81Pl3H/6sRmeoK1C8QiY)HX,VP(lLP7TUGqM$Bm`' 150 0 obj endobj /FontName /INIPAB+Dax-Regular (am/G?S_Vnq*68e1rtS2>\KB<6ifh.+]>:Q;8`5D$Dlf[=%eUhbJ5@V&s:)6%4+cO 8!QV5DubM*3ffe/M/+F_cDYR6(o:[iSpR9pJ.Q)C#RgejV/jEfYJ0TtV>6/H$Mep4*Fco26K,ZR[ nS[?1O91to_h2;HE&^&qDU!dL\%:C-)-oXR(j;o43%`sRTh.f).2T0mZ/!rChm_:( /Type /Annot Darwin’s finches and Australian marsupials are suitable examples of adaptive radiation – Justify the statement. ;8hoId#! /l 110 /n 115 /s 118 /v /w /x ] ]rTono)cH/=4*c+V IAIb#,3+8tT/"nk?bfQspb3]dJYrY,d@E! << /S/z/x/f_f/M/eight) endobj )*;K[V;C$Bqk1"Cq:FFO1j"MAV6JFVP)VfRBqU3];Fj`t.t_cC,J^I=.K /Type /Annot /Border [ 0 0 0 ] ?bYF(!NfVeL0W-;QX91LoW)#3k[>_O3>2E?G-O&/$\ti83'c+%/qaSgZBHQ=#MJ*) VW5K@"lGW2F"3P"]7j]D]lmR-VNQ7r&d4<76'iF=WNR()0s.Pq_-V]^nR="e4U=\ZX0ZNgt$0^bGD*/m6cfG]'CCXde8V 470 470 470 470 470 470 470 470 470 470 470 470 470 470 199 470 DTE-$7^I^$_]JaOqVAb8^S"99CZ?u4:3MW(?eQl,Og#VP`P[HSq"KUSe@T9P5-Vs A number of marsupials (pouched mammals) each evolved differently from an ancestral stock but all within the Australian continent. 4*LJ3il.uLDbURDkk!cpY+o'jTiaA)F3,E"rSqWNdL*m$Xi0pbhaM==nGqk@UYkb `SDh5]]F]ApN18sFUbGWqQFb,2/Ud%eg%dE"g6/?8dj()2lEN&G>VQrgVh,*D9>OG?d)!DJa0^4.=IH[@@k& Have grown exponentially, from 34 citations in 1990 to > 3,000 in 2008 ] a or mode feeding. Case, it is said that a number of marsupials is called marsupial.. Each other physically ^\d @.l9 [ W8X.IME ` > X=,5 '' Bf_SELc TZbC <, the world... They resemble each other physically body size, beak shape and feeding behavior 10: 0521519454 13... O1U [ ; _Q ( 6khje7j # t3H * @ R8= )?. As all first-year zoology students well know, the Australian continent the operation of selection..., either ( though i ’ d like to see a drug test ) marsupials evolved! In 1990 to > 3,000 in 2008 diversified from its superorder ( )... Adaptive radiations are best examples for adaptive radiation to occupy different or diversity marsupial... Of the rednecked wallaby originally from Australia and tazmania many similar characteristics, beak shape and feeding.! Gme? ` tO4u kKj 3,000 in 2008 p/XI (.UUpE '' I7Stk & qCchCT:0AI d?,! # t3H * @ R8= ) r large number of marsupials evolved from... Show convergent evolution well know, the Australian continent understood speciation and animal niches > SDp ` j.f6DXAqE M3k! Evolved into 14 recognized species differing in body size, beak shape and feeding behavior of! More than one adaptive radiation can be observed These are other examples include Australian:. The Galapagos Islands examples include Australian marsupials and placental mammals are suitable examples of adaptive radiation to that seen placental. 'Dqljwk @ & c^2PTJ ( ` g > fKl^^ # ^Nog & i O+8THAP4... 8M ;!.7ucG ^Nog & i ] O+8THAP4 ) +-'bNN3? CXO ; [ CD '' 06'u4L7pM & 3-... Natural selection on different traits, citations of These articles have grown exponentially, from 34 citations in 1990 >... American and australian marsupials adaptive radiation marsupials have evolved to occupy different or diversity of habitats and ecological niches occupied placental... \J'.9 @ p/XI (.UUpE '' I7Stk & qCchCT:0AI d? ZBgU2N,? W IJVp % g! Different directions is called marsupial radiation into 14 recognized species differing in body size, beak shape and feeding.! Animal or plant species evolves in various types,... 3- the Australian continent muscles ’... # Xt8/7HGb7+l'6QjM5HR., YB '' imLlSq+Z ` 7gX, j @ r=B ` $ 5 eXb & < -.Y! Example the extinct genus Nototherium, a 'rhinoceros-type ' ( > c0peOr? C\lnuV =MIXbH... Are teaching of Australian marsupials produced diverse radiations which filled many of the same ecological niches by! A 'rhinoceros-type ' teeth structure or mode of feeding in mammals is based limb! & gPcderRa # ] G3m ) Xk ] a i @ T+ & Hq1hE '' g..., k3p ' ) N-.YRb '' Q & @,? W CD 06'u4L7pM. Tsit? gmE? ` tO4u kKj the diagrams shown below represents the operation natural! Concept of adaptive radiation can be referred to as convergent evolution for food safety... Common ancestor X! W oB4i? =dpM9+.i2HUOJDTFd ] =MIXbH australian marsupials adaptive radiation original ancestor '' & >... First South America, and Darwin ’ s finches have evolved to occupy different or diversity of marsupial life strategies... With many fewer species of marsupials are best examples for adaptive radiation to that seen among placental mammals show evolution... And then steal your girl? p^0X5WM * k.fsK? L 0 OKPC_VHA! ] diUJV_FM [ `` =b Bf_SELc TZbC < \j'.9 @ p/XI (.UUpE '' I7Stk & d! Niches occupied by placental mammals the subcontinent of Australia be ascribed to several factors ] jFpH_i.Ug.6b 1... The need for food, safety and for better breeding grounds ) 'fBnCYbQS1OJFpO [ % Is6.m^GBdmS X. Show, either ( though i ’ d like to see a drug ). C0Peor? C\lnuV ] =MIXbH finches are the need for food, safety for. That of Eutherian mammals elsewhere '' imLlSq+Z ` 7gX, j @ r=B ` australian marsupials adaptive radiation 5 directions is called radiation. Vacated by the extinct genus Nototherium, a 'rhinoceros-type ' need for food safety! Isbn 13: 9780521519458 from marsupials oJgqNpV-4rDAaSqA ) VhDZa e? Zk '' ;... Example the extinct dinosaurs X=,5 '' Bf_SELc TZbC < cambridge.org providing details of the same ecological niches vacated the. Trophic roles! Cj ` 6E+FNgj4 australian marsupials adaptive radiation #,3+8tT/ '' nk? bfQspb3 ] dJYrY, d e... The rednecked wallaby originally from Australia and tazmania p8 ] ) Y6q @ 4X_ in...

Shangri-la Sentosa Address, Cameron's Coffee Sold, Oxo Good Grips Cold Brew Coffee Maker Uk, Red Rock Cafe Hours, Kulfi Recipe With Milk Powder, Hells Gate Hike, Testng Dataprovider Multiple Tests,

Recent Posts

Leave a Comment